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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of life events and chronic physical conditions by gender and age (n/%)

From: Life events and chronic physical conditions among left-behind farmers in rural China a cross-sectional study

Life events Gender Age Education Total (n = 4040)
Male (n = 1441) Female (n = 2599) 40 ~ (n = 1221) 50 ~ (n = 1187) 60 ~ (n = 1632) Illiterate (n = 1953) Primary school (n = 1398) ≥Middle school (n = 689)
Schooling/examination failures 377 (26.2) 697 (26.8) 307 (25.1) 368 (31.0) 399 (24.4)†† 424 (21.7) 399 (28.5) 251 (36.4)++ 1074 (26.6)
Abandonment of favorite pursues 282 (21.9) 504 (20.4) 237 (17.1) 273 (21.9) 334 (20.5) 385 (19.7) 283 (20.2) 176 (25.5)++ 844 (20.9)
Punishments/dismisses 254 (17.6) 504 (19.4) 243 (19.9) 252 (21.2) 263 (16.1)†† 379 (19.4) 260 (18.6) 119 (17.3) 758 (18.8)
Promotions/awards 241 (16.7) 100 (3.8)** 56 (4.6) 99 (8.3) 186 (11.4)†† 98 (5.0) 119 (8.5) 124 (18.0)++ 341 (8.4)
Admirable achievements 413 (28.7) 701 (27.0) 319 (26.1) 354 (29.8) 441 (27.0) 488 (25.0) 405 (29.0) 221 (32.1)++ 1114 (27.6)
Forced/disliked endeavors 217 (15.1) 350 (13.5) 187 (15.3) 175 (14.7) 205 (12.6) 248 (12.7) 208 (14.9) 111 (16.1)+ 567 (14.0)
Major accidents/mistakes 357 (24.8) 467 (18.0)** 250 (20.5) 255 (21.5) 319 (19.5) 367 (18.8) 289 (20.7) 168 (24.4)+ 824 (20.4)
Natural disasters 631 (43.8) 989 (38.1)** 426 (34.9) 473 (39.8) 721 (44.2)†† 762 (39.0) 549 (39.3) 309 (44.8)+ 1620 (40.1)
Misunderstandings/blames 342 (23.7) 650 (25.0) 300 (24.6) 317 (26.7) 375 (23.0) 446 (22.8) 349 (25.0) 197 (28.6)+ 992 (24.6)
Law suits due to self 104 (7.2) 58 (2.2)** 55 (4.5) 52 (4.4) 55 (3.4) 49 (2.5) 71 (5.1) 42 (6.1)++ 162 (4.0)
Law suits due to relatives 33 (2.3) 96 (3.7)* 35 (2.9) 56 (4.7) 38 (2.3)†† 70 (3.6) 37 (2.6) 22 (3.2) 129 (3.2)
Long-term enmities with others 189 (13.1) 321 (12.4) 93 (7.6) 184 (15.5) 233 (14.3)†† 261 (13.4) 170 (12.2) 79 (11.5) 510 (12.6)
Marital/love breakups/conflicts 118 (8.2) 128 (4.9)** 112 (9.2) 68 (5.7) 66 (4.0)†† 84 (4.3) 97 (6.9) 65 (9.4)++ 246 (6.1)
Major injuries/diseases of relatives 528 (36.6) 1090 (41.9)** 473 (38.7) 430 (36.2) 715 (43.8)†† 787 (40.3) 547 (39.1) 284 (41.2) 1618 (40.0)
Loss of relatives 1303 (90.4) 2287 (88.0)* 941 (77.1) 1088 (91.7) 1561 (95.6)†† 1769 (90.6) 1224 (87.6) 597 (86.6)++ 3590 (88.9)
Frequent parental conflicts 128 (8.9) 270 (10.4) 141 (11.5) 124 (10.4) 133 (8.1)†† 179 (9.2) 149 (10.7) 70 (10.2) 398 (9.9)
Over worries about children 506 (35.1) 1129 (43.4)** 320 (26.2) 500 (42.1) 815 (49.9)†† 912 (46.7) 510 (36.5) 213 (30.9)++ 1635 (40.5)
Financial hardship 610 (42.3) 1195 (46.0)* 349 (28.6) 542 (45.7) 914 (56.0)†† 1024 (52.4) 562 (40.2) 219 (31.8)++ 1805 (44.7)
Stressful tasks prevailed life 174 (12.1) 603 (23.2)** 156 (12.8) 237 (20.0) 384 (23.5)†† 473 (24.2) 232 (16.6) 72 (10.4)++ 777 (19.2)
Other mis-happenings 87 (6.0) 189 (7.3) 70 (5.7) 88 (7.4) 118 (7.2) 130 (6.7) 103 (7.4) 43 (6.2) 276 (6.8)
Regression-model-based LEI (x ± SD) 0.95 ± 0.45 0.93 ± 0.45 0.79 ± 0.43 0.97 ± 0.46 1.02 ± 0.44†† 0.94 ± 0.44 0.92 ± 0.47 0.95 ± 0.46 0.93 ± 0.45
Chronic physical conditions
Hypertension 704 (48.9) 1043 (40.1) ** 318 (26.0) 531 (44.7) 898 (55.0)†† 866 (44.3) 801 (57.3) 284 (41.2) 1747 (43.2)
Diabetes 130 (9.0) 195 (7.5) 81 (6.6) 97 (8.2) 147 (9.0) 158 (8.1) 98 (7.0) 69 (10.0) 325 (8.0)
Pre-diabetes 393 (31.6) 705 (30.6) 305 (29.0) 335 (32.0) 458 (31.6) 1111 (56.9) 706 (50.5) 338 (49.1)++ 1098 (31.0)
Chronic gastritis 255 (17.7) 521 (20.0) 216 (17.7) 228 (19.2) 332 (20.3) 403 (20.6) 246 (17.6) 127 (18.4) 776 (19.2)
Prostatitis 131 (9.1) NA 21 (6.0) 29 (7.1) 81 (11.9) †† 30 (1.5) 59 (4.2) 43 (6.2)++ 131 (9.1)
Cervicitis/vaginitis NA 456 (17.5) 199 (12.9) 134 (17.2) 123 (13.0) †† 247 (12.6) 148 (10.6) 61 (8.9)+ 456 (17.5)
Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases 157 (10.9) 222 (8.5)* 64 (5.2) 95 (8.0) 220 (13.5) †† 178 (9.1) 134 (9.6) 67 (9.7) 379 (9.4)
Other CPCs 119 (8.3) 304 (11.7)** 122 (10.0) 144 (12.1) 157 (9.6) 207 (10.6) 159 (11.4) 57 (8.3) 423 (10.5)
Free from CPCs 362 (25.1) 609 (23.4) 393 (32.2) 285 (24.0) 293 (18.0) †† 450 (23.0) 338 (24.2) 183 (26.6) 971 (24.0)
  1. “†” and “††” denote p < 0.05 and p < 0.01 respectively for the power test of null difference between age groups; “*” and “**”, p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, for the power test of null difference between gender groups; “+” and “++”, p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, for the power test of null difference between education groups; hypertension denotes systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg; diabetes denotes fasting capillary glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L; pre-diabetes denotes fasting capillary glucose =[6.1, 6.9] mmol/L