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Table 3 Odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals (CI)a of changing maternal self-efficacy to limit their child’s television viewing according to maternal and child predictors among children aged 4- and 19-monthsb

From: Tracking of maternal self-efficacy for limiting young children’s television viewing and associations with children’s television viewing time: a longitudinal analysis over 15-months

Predictor variable Increasing self-efficacy Decreasing self-efficacy Persistently high self-efficacy
  OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Maternal physical activity     
<150 mins/week 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)
≥150 mins/week 2.49* (1.08 – 5.75) 2.18 (0.89 – 5.32) 1.87 (0.90 – 3.88)
Maternal TV time 1.00 (0.99 – 1.01) 1.00 (0.99 – 1.00) 1.00 (0.99 – 1.01)
Maternal education    
Low 1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)   1.0 (ref)
Mid 0.77 (0.34 – 1.76) 1.05 (0.50 – 2.19) 1.45 (0.57 – 3.68)
High 0.88 (0.36 – 2.15) 0.99 (0.50 – 1.99) 2.17 (0.90 – 5.27)
Child age 0.92 (0.71 – 1.18) 1.10 (0.87 – 1.41) 0.86 (0.664 – 1.15)
Child temperament    
Much easier than average 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref) 1.0 (ref)
Easier than average 0.89 (0.34 – 2.30) 1.01 (0.47 – 2.15) 0.41 (0.15 – 1.10)
Average 0.43 (0.16 – 1.14) 0.58 (0.24 – 1.40) 0.29* (0.11 – 0.76)
More/much more difficult than average 0.38 (0.10 – 1.47) 0.40 (0.12 – 1.37) 0.07* (0.01 – 0.46)
  1. aMultinomial logistic regression, adjusted for intervention group and clustering by first-time mothers group; Reference group: persistently low self-efficacy
  2. bBold results are significant at p < 0.05