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Table 1 Studies investigating the association between sedentary behaviour and anxiety risk

From: The association between sedentary behaviour and risk of anxiety: a systematic review

Paper Study details Domain Anxiety indicator Sedentary behaviour indicator Association Methodological quality score
Cao et al. (2011) China [31] Cross sectional Leisure time The 41-item Screen Self report open ended question regarding TV & computer use (hrs per day) + Strong
for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED)
5003 junior high school students (11–16 years)
de Wit et al. (2011) The Netherlands [32] Cross sectional Leisure time Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, WHO version 2.1) Self report TV & computer use in leisure time Total screen = + Weak
2353 (1701 with current diagnosis, 652 controls) adults aged 18-65
TV = +
Computer = 0
Granner et al. (2010) USA [29] Cross sectional Total daily - including occupational, leisure time, and travel Question from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey asking “number of days last month felt worried, tense, anxious” Self report TV, and sitting away from home, at work, drive, and at work (data from Nurses Health Study) TV = + Weak
189 African American and Caucasian adult women aged 18–60 yrs
Total sitting = 0
Griffiths et al. (2010) UK [30] Cross sectional Leisure time Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) Proxy report of TV, computer use, and electronic games Girls = − Moderate
13,470 5 yr old children Boys = 0
Kilpatrick et al. (2013) Australia [33] Cross sectional Occupational Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) Self report modified from IPAQ for occupational sitting time + Moderate
3367 state government adult employees (mean age 46.2 yrs)
Rebar et al. (2014) Australia [36] Cross sectional Total daily – including occupational, leisure time, and travel 21-item depression, anxiety, and stress scale Self report 10-item Workforce Sitting Total SB = + Moderate
Computer = +
1104 Australian adults (mean age 58 years)
Questionnaire Transport SB = +
Work sitting = 0
Leisure sitting = 0TV = 0
Sanchez-Villegas et al. (2008) Spain [34] Longitudinal Leisure time Participants were asked: Have Self report sedentary index (TV & computer use) 0 Moderate
10,381 adult University graduates
you ever been diagnosed of anxiety by a health
(7991 with data on SB)
Sloan et al. (2013) Singapore [35] Cross sectional Total daily - including occupational, leisure time, and travel General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) Self report global physical activity questionnaire (daily sitting time) + Moderate
4337 Singapore citizens aged 18–79 yrs
Uijtdewilligen et al. (2011) The Netherlands [37] Longitudinal Total daily - including all domains Achievement Motivation Test (AMT) assessed achievement motivation, facilitating anxiety, debilitating anxiety, and social desirability Objective data using accelerometers (total sedentary time) + Weak
217 participants followed from adolescence to adulthood (age 13 to 42 years)