Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Mean ± standard deviation of block group food establishment types percentages1 in retail food environment (RFE) category sub-types

From: Diabetes, obesity, and recommended fruit and vegetable consumption in relation to food environment sub-types: a cross-sectional analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States Census, and food establishment data

Food environment categories Block groups (n) Markets Restaurants Specialty food Fast food Convenience Pharmacies
Healthier options (RFE ratio ≤1)
Sub-type 1: Grocery stores 376 28.1 ± 18.4 8.2 ± 9.6 18.3 ± 20.1 7.3 ± 10.2 12.3 ± 12.4 2.8 ± 6.5
Sub-type 2: Restaurants 213 20.0 ± 9.4 35.2 ± 10.8 11.9 ± 10.4 10.7 ± 9.5 6.0 ± 7.0 3.0 ± 4.8
Sub-type 3: Specialty Food 180 8.3 ± 12.5 13.5 ± 21.9 10.6 ± 13.1 2.4 ± 7.0 4.8 ± 9.7 1.4 ± 5.3
Unhealthier Options (RFE ratio >1)  
Sub-type 1: Restaurants and fast food 1520 12.5 ± 6.8 29.1 ± 10.6 5.9 ± 5.2 27.6 ± 9.8 12.6 ± 6.2 6.5 ± 6.3
Sub-type 2: Convenience stores 938 13.3 ± 9.4 13.8 ± 9.7 6.2 ± 7.1 18.8 ± 11.7 29.3 ± 11.5 7.2 ± 8.9
  1. 1Percentage of food establishments is calculated as number of food establishment (e.g., grocery stores)/total count of food establishments (supermarkets, restaurants, specialty food, fast food, convenience stores, and pharmacies) x 100