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Table 1 Distribution of baseline characteristics in HIV-infected adults initiated antiretroviral therapy in a rural HIV clinic in Coastal Kenya (N = 928)

From: Incidence and predictors of attrition from antiretroviral care among adults in a rural HIV clinic in Coastal Kenya: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics Categories Male (N = 262) Female (N = 666) Total(N = 928)
*Age (years) Median 39.1 34.8 36.2
[IQR] [34.7 – 45.5] [29.1 – 41.1] [30.2 – 42.5]
Age group (years) 15 – 24 7 [2.7] 88 [13.2] 249 95 [10.2]
25 – 34 66 [25.2] [37.4] 315 [33.9]
35 – 44 120 [45.8] 210 [31.5] 330 [35.6]
≥ 45 69 [26.3] 119 [17.9] 188 [20.3]
Marital status Single 19 [7.3] 50 [7.5] 69 [7.4]
Married, Monogamous 169 [64.5] 229 [34.4] 398 [42.9]
Married, Polygamous 30 [11.5] 126 [18.9] 156 [16.8]
Separated/Divorced/Widowed 44 [16.8] 259 [38.9] 303 [32.7]
Missing 0 [0.0] 2 [0.3] 2 [0.2]
Religion Christian 168 [64.1] 399 [59.9] 567 [61.1]
Muslim 45 [17.2] 114 [17.1] 159 [17.1]
Others 46 [17.6] 146 [21.9] 192 [20.7]
Missing 3 [1.2] 7 [1.1] 10 [1.1]
Education No formal education 30 [11.5] 285 [42.8] 315 [33.9]
Primary education 139 [53.1] 281 [42.2] 420 [45.3]
Secondary/Higher education 90 [34.4] 94 [14.1] 184 [19.8]
Missing 3 [1.2] 6 [0.9] 9 [1.0]
*Distance from hospital (km) Median 7.8 7.8 7.8
[IQR] [2.2 – 16.8] [2.2 – 17.7] [2.2 – 17.7]
Distance from hospital (km) 0 – 5 96 [36.6] 251 [37.7] 347 [37.4]
5 – 10 54 [20.6] 148 [22.2] 202 [21.8]
≥ 10 75 [28.6] 189 [28.4] 264 [28.5]
Missing 37 [14.1] 78 [11.7] 115 [12.4]
*Pre-ART duration (months) Median 4.7 6.6 6.3
[IQR] [1.6 – 16.7] [2.2 – 23.3] [1.9 – 21.4]
Pre-ART duration groups (months) 0 – 12 184 [70.2] 420 [63.1] 604 [65.1]
12 – 36 58 [22.1] 166 [24.9] 224 [24.1]
≥ 36 20 [7.6] 80 [12.0] 100 [10.8]
Baseline WHO clinical staging Stage I/II 118 [45.0] 393 [59.0] 511 [55.1]
Stage III/IV 120 [45.8] 238 [35.7] 358 [38.6]
Missing 24 [9.2] 35 [5.3] 59 [6.4]
*Baseline BMI (Kg/m2) Median 19.1 19.3 19.3
[IQR] [17.3 – 21.3] [17.3 – 21.9] [17.3 – 21.6]
Baseline BMI groups (Kg/m2) <16.0 30 [11.5] 67 [10.1] 97 [10.5]
16.0 – 18.5 62 [23.7] 172 [25.8] 234 [25.2]
>18.5 127 [48.5] 347 [52.1] 474 [51.1]
Missing 43 [16.4] 80 [12.0] 123 [13.3]
*Baseline CD4 (cells/ul) Median 135 166 157
[IQR] [30–213] [53–240] [46–234]
Baseline CD4 groups (cells/uL) 0 – 100 64 [24.4] 121 [18.2] 185 [19.9]
100 – 350 68 [25.9] 197 [29.6] 265 [28.6]
>350 11 [4.2] 34 [5.1] 45 [4.9]
Missing 119 [45.4] 314 [47.2] 433 [46.7]
  1. ART (Antiretroviral therapy), BMI (Body Mass Index), IQR (Interquartile range), WHO (World Health Organization).