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Table 1 Distribution of stunting status by characteristics of children (N = 404)

From: Factors associated with stunting among children according to the level of food insecurity in the household: a cross-sectional study in a rural community of Southeastern Kenya

Variables Children with stunting Children without stunting Total
Child age (mo)
  0-5 3 (7.5%) 37 (92.5%) 40
  6-11 6 (15.8%) 32 (84.2%) 38
  12-23 21 (23.1%) 70 (76.9%) 91
  24-35 21 (29.2%) 51 (70.8%) 72
  36-47 24 (32.0%) 51 (68.0%) 75
  48-59 19 (21.6%) 69 (78.4%) 88
Child gender
  Boy 40 (21.5%) 146 (78.5%) 186
  Girl 54 (24.8%) 164 (75.2%) 218
Caregiver’s age (y)
  18 and younger 5 (38.5%) 8 (61.5%) 13
  19-30 51 (22.1%) 180 (77.9%) 231
  31-40 29 (21.5%) 106 (78.5%) 135
  Above 40 8 (34.8%) 15 (65.2%) 23
  Missing 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%) 2
Caregiver’s BMI
  Underweight 28 (28.6%) 70 (71.4%) 98
  Normal 56 (21.0%) 211 (79.0%) 267
  Overweight 7 (30.4%) 16 (69.6%) 23
  Obese 3 (25.0%) 9 (75.0%) 12
  Missing 0 (0.0%) 4 (100.0%) 4
Caregiver’s education status
  Not educated 49 (26.2%) 138 (73.8%) 187
  Preschool 0 (0.0%) 9 (100.0%) 9
  Primary 44 (22.8%) 149 (77.2%) 193
  Secondary 1 (6.7%) 14 (93.3%) 15
Siblings of preschool age
  0 or 1 28 (17.8%) 129 (82.2%) 157
  2 or more 66 (26.8%) 180 (73.2%) 246
  Missing 0 (0.0%) 1 (100.0%) 1
HFIAS* category (food insecurity)
  Secure 15 (20.0%) 60 (80.0%) 75
  Mildly insecure 6 (18.8%) 26 (81.3%) 32
  Moderately insecure 7 (17.9%) 32 (82.1%) 39
  Severely insecure 66 (25.6%) 192 (74.4%) 258
Socio economic status (SES)
  Poorest 31 (28.4%) 78 (71.6%) 109
  Second 19 (20.7%) 73 (79.3%) 92
  Third 29 (28.7%) 72 (71.3%) 101
  Fourth 15 (15.0%) 85 (85.0%) 100
  Missing 0 (0.0%) 2 (100.0%) 2
Child health conditions
Diarrhea      
  No 61 (22.2%) 214 (77.8%) 275
  Yes 32 (25.0%) 96 (75.0%) 128
  Missing 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1
Current jiggers infection
  No 59 (20.4%) 230 (79.6%) 289
  Yes 34 (29.8%) 80 (70.2%) 114
  Missing 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1
Ring worm
  No 69 (21.9%) 246 (78.1%) 315
  Yes 24 (27.3%) 64 (72.7%) 88
  Missing 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1
Dietary intake in previous 24 h
Plain water      
  No 11 (20.0%) 44 (80.0%) 55
  Yes 83 (23.8%) 266 (76.2%) 349
Non-milk liquids
  No 51 (21.3%) 189 (78.8%) 240
  Yes 42 (25.8%) 121 (74.2%) 163
  Missing 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1
Tea/porridge with milk in previous 24 h
  No 58 (20.4%) 227 (79.6%) 285
  Yes 35 (29.7%) 83 (70.3%) 118
  Missing 1 (100.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1
  1. *HFIAS, Household Food Insecurity Access Scale.