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Table 1 Gender differences in the variables used for analysis

From: Household illness, poverty and physical and emotional child abuse victimisation: findings from South Africa’s first prospective cohort study

  Boys (n = 1475) Girls (n = 1926)
Rural area at baseline 42.4% (712) 57.6% (969)
Mpumalanga province at baseline 45.3% (746) 54.7% (902)*
Informal housing at baseline 41.6% (444) 58.4% (624)*
Mean age at baseline 13.41 (SD 2.10) SE .055 13.44 (SD 2.18) SE .050
Poverty at baseline 2.61 (SD 2.30) SE .060 2.74 (SD 2.33) SE .053
Household receipt of pension at baseline 13.2% (194) 13.0% (251)
Frequent physical abuse at follow-up 44.5% (251) 55.5% (313)
Frequent emotional abuse at follow-up 38.5% (271) 61.5% (433)**
Frequent physical abuse at baseline 17.0% (251) 19.1% (368)
Frequent emotional abuse at baseline 17.4% (257) 20.6% (397)*
AIDS-illness at baseline 39.2% (417) 60.8% (646)***
Other chronic illness at baseline 46.3% (219) 53.7% (254)
Extent of ill person’s disability at baseline 1.97 (SD 3.87) SE .101 2.14 (SD 3.80) SE .087
  1. Chi2and two-sample t-tests Note: *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.