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Table 4 Factors associated with appropriate HMM in children with febrile illness two weeks preceding the survey

From: Factors associated with appropriate home management of uncomplicated malaria in children in Kassena-Nankana district of Ghana and implications for community case management of childhood illness: a cross-sectional study

Variable Appropriate home management of malaria in U5 (N = 395)
Yes n (%) No n (%) Unadjusted OR (95 CI) Adjusted OR (95 CI)
  197 (49.9) 198 (50.1)   
Age group     
15-24 years 47 (23.9) 50 (25.3) 1  
25-34 years 96 (48.7) 101 (51.0) 1.01 (0.62-1.65)  
≥35 years 54 (27.4) 47 (23.7) 1.22 (0.70-2.14)  
Education     
None 100 (50.8) 130 (65.7) 1 1
Primary 60 (30.5) 39 (19.7) 0.88 (0.44-1.77) 0.59 (0.30-1.20)
Secondary 17 (8.6) 25 (12.6) 2.00 (1.24-3.23) 1.71 (1.03-2.83)
Tertiary 20 (10.1) 4 (2.0) 6.50 (2.12-19.98) 3.58 (1.08-11.87)
Occupation     
None 33 (16.7) 26 (13.2) 1  
Farmers 109 (55.0) 124 (62.9) 0.64 (0.35-1.16)  
Traders/civil servants 56 (28.3) 47 (23.9) 1.10 (0.55-2.18)  
Religion     
Traditional 49 (24.9) 57 (28.8) 1  
Christianity 137 (69.5) 124 (62.6) 1.29 (0.83-2.00)  
Moslem 11 (5.6) 17 (8.6) 0.75 (0.31-1.81)  
Marital status     
Married 183 (92.9) 180 (90.9) 1  
Other 14 (7.1) 18 (9.1) 0.77 (0.37-1.57)  
Socio-economic status (SES)     
Lowest 48 (24.4) 17 (8.6) 1 1
Middle low 48 (24.4) 45 (22.7) 0.38 (0.19-0.76) 0.40 (0.18-1.86)
Middle 36 (18.2) 42 (21.2) 0.30 (0.15-0.63) 0.34 (0.15-1.02)
Middle high 37 (18.8) 43 (21.7) 0.30 (0.15-0.62) 0.35 (0.16-1.05)
Highest 28 (14.2) 51 (25.8) 0.19 (0.09-0.40) 0.22 (0.10-1.10)
Reception of advice from older women     
No 18 (9.1) 13 (6.6) 1  
Yes 179 (90.9) 185 (93.4) 070 (0.34-1.45)  
Lack of autonomy of initiating treatment     
Yes 135 (68.5) 136 (68.7) 1  
No 62 (31.5) 62 (31.3) 0.99 (0.65-1.52)  
Source of health care utilised in the past     
Health centre/clinic 110 (55.8) 117 (59.1) 1 1
Drug store 30 (15.3) 32 (16.2) 1.02 (0.56-1.75) 1.06 (0.58-1.90)
Self-medication 3 (1.5) 2 (1.0) 0.51 (0.05-5.94) 0.51 (0.04-5.75)
CHO 27 (13.7) 34 (17.1) 0.79 (0.47-1.30) 0.78 (0.42-1.44)
Hospital 27 (13.7) 13 (6.6) 2.20 (1.09-4.49) 2.24 (1.12-4.60)
  1. Odds ratio were adjusted in the multiple regression model for education, socio-economic status and source of health care utilised in the past.