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Table 1 Individual, general practitioner (GP), and primary health care (PHC) team characteristics of the total visited study population and by region (Catalonia, Navarre), 2008

From: Variability in screening prevention activities in primary care in Spain: a multilevel analysis

  Total sample Catalonia Navarre
  N = 468940 n = 288479 n = 180461
Individual n   n   n  
Age, years, mean (SD)   49.0 (19.3)   48.6 (19.3)   49.7 (19.2)
Age       
 <45 years   220803 (47.1)   139193 (48.3)   81610 (45.2)
 ≥ 45 years and <65 years   138321 (29.5)   82720 (28.7)   55601 (30.8)
 ≥ 65 years   109816 (23.4)   66566 (23.1)   43250 (24.0)
Sex, female   251107 (53.5)   155775 (54.0)   95332 (52.8)
Number of visits, mean (SD); median (IQR)   8.5 (9.4); 6.0 (3–11)   8.7 (9.7); 6.0 (3–11)   8.0 (8.9); 5.0 (3–10)
Number of visitsa       
 [1,2]   111837 ( 23.8)   67143 ( 23.3)   44694 (24.8)
 [3-5]   117009 (25.0)   70147 (24.3)   46862 (26.0)
 [6-10]   114303 (24.4)   70283 (24.4)   44020 (24.4)
 ≥ 11   125791 (26.8)   80906 (28.0)   44885 (24.9)
Number of health problems, mean (SD); median (IQR)a   8.9 (7.0); 7.0 (4–12)   6.5(5.4); 5.0 (3–9)   12.8 (7.5); 11.0 (7–17)
Number of health problems       
 [0–3]   107007 (22.8)   97124 (33.7)   9883 (5.5)
 [4–6]   100888 (21.5)   74225 (25.7)   26663 (14.8)
 [7–11]   128123 (27.3)   72957 (25.3)   55166 (30.6)
 ≥ 12   132922 (28.3)   44173 (15.3)   88749 (49.2)
Arterial hypertension   95737 (20.4)   59347 (20.6)   36390 (20.2)
Dyslipidaemia   85081 (18.1)   48369 (16.8)   36712 (20.3)
Obesity   68331 (14.6)   47192 (16.4)   21139 (11.7)
Tobacco use       
 Nonsmoker   350862 (74.8)   202908 (70.3)   147954 (82.0)
 Exsmoker   37457 (8.0)   27646 (9.6)   9811 (5.4)
 Smoker   80621 (17.2)   57925 (20.1)   22696 (12.6)
At-risk drinker   10112 (2.2)   8149 (2.8)   1963 (1.1)
General practitioner 426   252   174  
Age (yrs), mean (SD) 423 46.4 (8.8) 249 46.1 (8.7) 174 46.9(9.1)
Sex, female 426 240 (56.3) 252 142 (56.3) 174 98 (56.3)
Number of patients assigned, mean (SD) 426 1452 (307) 252 1534 (286) 174 1334 (299)
Average number of patients’ health problems, mean (SD); median (IQR) 426 7.6 (3.5); 7.2 (4.4-10.8) 252 5.4 (2.4); 4.9 (3.5-6.7) 174 10.8 (2.1); 11 (9.3-12)
Coverage, mean (SD)b 426 76.0 (6.1) 252 74.9 (6.0) 174 77.5 (6.0)
Percentage of patients > = 65 years, mean (SD) 426 19.6 (7.2) 252 19.1 (7.0) 174 20.2 (7.5)
Teaching mentor (Yes) 424 91 (21.5) 252 61 (24.2) 172 30 (17.4)
Time with the same patient list (yrs), mean (SD); median (IQR) 419 10.1 (9.1); 7.0 (3–17) 246 10.7 (8.3); 8.0 (3–17) 173 9.3 (10.1); 5.0 (2–12)
PHC team 44   22   22  
Number of professionals, mean (SD); median (IQR)   10 (4.2); 9 (6–13)   11.4 (4.5); 11.5 (8–15)   7.9 (3); 7.5 (6–9)
Average number of patients, mean (SD)   1423 (193.3)   1514 (184.3)   1332 (158.4)
Average number of patient health problems, mean (SD); median (IQR)   8.1 (3.2); 8.8 (5–10.9)   5.5 (2.1); 5.1 (3.9-6.4)   10.7 (1.4); 10.8 (9.7-11.9)
Average coverage, mean (SD)b   77 (4.4)   75.8 (4.7)   78.2 (3.9)
Average percentage of patients > = 65, mean (SD)   19.5 (4.5)   18.9 (3.6)   20.2 (5.2)
Type       
 Urban   22 (50.0)   13 (59.1)   9 (40.9)
 Semiurban   10 (22.7)   7 (31.8)   3 (13.6)
 Rural   12 (27.3)   2 (9.1)   10 (45.5)
Adherence to PAPPS (Yes)   11 (25.0)   6 (27.3)   5 (22.7)
Teaching centre (Yes)   12 (27.3)   7 (31.8)   5 (22.7)
Years of electronic health records data, mean (SD); median (IQR)   5.2 (1.6); 5.0 (4.0-6.8)   4.9 (1.8); 4.0 (4–6.25)   5.5 (1.3); 5.0 (4–7)
Outcomes       
Hypertension screening 373203 189746 (50.8) 229132 136853 (59.7) 144071 52893 (36.7)
Dyslipidaemia screening 383859 247380 (64.4) 240110 164481 (68.5) 143749 82899 (57.7)
Obesity screening 391075 162864 (41.6) 235595 114836 (48.7) 155480 48028 (30.9)
Tobacco use screening 350862 128561 (36.6) 202908 96715 (47.7) 147954 31846 (21.5)
Alcohol screening 458828 185851 (40.5) 280330 150969 (53.9) 178498 34882 (19.5)
  1. Abbreviations: IQR interquartile range, PAPPS Program of Prevention and Health Promotion Activities, SD standard deviation.
  2. Values are no. (%) unless otherwise indicated.
  3. The variables for GP and PHC team are calculated on the basis of the assigned population. The PHC team averages are calculated as the mean of related GP variables.
  4. aThe number of visits and number of health problems are categorized by quartiles of the patient population.
  5. bCoverage means percentage of assigned patients visited.