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Table 1 Baseline characteristics among adolescents in Pakistan

From: Nutritional and lifestyle risk behaviors and their association with mental health and violence among Pakistani adolescents: results from the National Survey of 4583 individuals

Characteristics   Anxiousness Suicidal ideation Physical fight
   No%(n)** Yes %(n)** p-value No%(n)** Yes %(n)** p-value No%(n)** Yes %(n)** p-value
*Unhealthy behavior           
  No 31.6(1399) 28.2(115) <0.001 31.9(1427) 24.9(87) <0.001 32.6(945) 29.2(569) <0.001
  One 40.1(1652) 31.7(118) 39.9(1654) 33.2(116) 39.5(1046) 39.2(724)
  Two 21.6(859) 28.4(104) 21.9(882) 25.2(81) 22.5(568) 21.5(395)
  Three 5.6(235) 9.4(39) 5.3(236) 12.9(38) 4.7(129) 7.8(145)
  Four or more 1.1(52) 2.4(10) 1.0(49) 3.9(13)   0.6(20) 2.2(42)  
Gender           
  Male 61.2(3161) 57.5(272) 0.472 60.8(3184) 61.8(249) 0.779 51.8(1831) 76.1(1602) <0.001
  Female 38.8(1036) 42.5(114) 39.2(1064) 38.2(86) 48.2(877) 23.9(273)
Age (years)          
  ≤14 61.6(2517) 53.8(208) 0.009 61.2(2535) 57.5(190) 0.223 62.0(1606) 59.3(1119) 0.332
  ≥15 38.4(1680) 46.2(178) 38.8(1713) 42.5(145) 38.0(1102) 40.7(756)
Body Mass Index          
  Normal weight 84.0(3568) 82.0(320) 0.289 84.0(3610) 82.0(278) 0.412 83.6(2283) 84.2(1605) 0.619
  Over weight 16.0(629) 18.0(66) 16.0(638) 18.0(57) 16.4(425) 15.8(270)
Socio Economic Status (SES)         
  Average 82.5(3443) 67.3(259) <0.001 81.6(3444) 77.1(258) 0.079 83.2(2228) 78.0(1474) 0.022
  Below Average 17.5(754) 32.7(127) 18.4(804) 22.9(77) 16.8(480) 22.0(401)
Close friends          
  No 7.3(288) 11.2(45) 0.008 7.2(288) 13.0(45) 0.004 8.1(209) 7.0(124) 0.141
  Yes 92.7(3909) 88.8(341) 92.8(3960) 87.0(290) 91.9(2499) 93.0(1751)
Parental check          
  No 49.6(2107) 49.4(191) 0.951 49.3(2113) 53.5(185) 0.254 48.4(1329) 51.5(969) 0.173
  Yes 50.4(2090) 50.6(195) 50.7(2135) 46.5(150) 51.6(1379) 48.5(906)
Parental understanding          
  No 44.5(1933) 49.7(194) 0.222 44.1(1934) 55.2(193) <0.001 41.7(1174) 50.2(953) <0.001
  Yes 55.5(2264) 50.3(192) 55.9(2314) 44.8(142) 58.3(1534) 49.8(922)
  1. *Unhealthy behavior: fast food, soft drink, smoking, other tobacco products and sedentary behavior.
  2. **weighted % and unweighted n.
  3. N = 4583.