Skip to main content

Table 3 Maternal and newborns baseline associated with odds of neonatal death a

From: Predictors for neonatal death in the rural areas of Shaanxi Province of Northwestern China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Number of live births n = 4800 Number of deaths (NMR) n = 54 Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Socioeconomic background     
 Maternal age     
  ≤35 4189(91.0) 48(1.15) 1.0 1.0
  >35 415(9.0) 6(1.45) 1.26(0.56-2.84) 0.53(0.18-1.56)
 First pregnancy     
  Yes 2536(54.5) 14(0.55) 1.0 1.0
  No 2116(45.5) 40(1.89) 3.43(1.84-6.40) 2.77(1.34-5.70)
 Women’s education     
  None 52(1.2) 3(5.77) 1.0 1.0
  Primary school 1122(25.8) 20(1.78) 0.31(0.08-1.16) 0.28(0.07-1.19)
  Junior high school or higher 3171(73.0) 28(0.88) 0.15(0.04-0.57) 0.20(0.05-0.84)
  Household Wealth Index     
  Poorest 1553(33.4) 23(1.48) 1.0 1.0
  Middle income 1551(33.3) 13(0.84) 0.57(0.28-1.16) 0.76(0.38-1.52)
  Richest 1548(33.3) 18(1.16) 0.79(0.44-1.41) 1.19(0.64-2.19)
Maternal health care utilization     
 Women receiving any prenatal visit in the first trimester of pregnancy     
  Yes 3000(69.8) 26(0.87) 1.0 1.0
  No 1297(30.2) 28(2.16) 2.49(1.48-4.19) 2.49(1.41-4.40)
  Delivery place     
  Home 136(3.0) 5(3.68) 1.0 1.0
 Township 394(8.5) 5(1.27) 0.35(0.10-1.15) 0.23(0.05-1.03)
 County 3839(83.3) 42(1.09) 0.30(0.12-0.75) 0.18(0.04-0.86)
  Above county 242(5.2) 2(0.83) 0.22(0.04-1.26) 0.17(0.02-1.36)
 Distance to the delivery place     
  ≤5 km 1058(23.3) 9(0.85) 1.0 1.0
  >5 km 3487(76.7) 45(1.29) 1.52(0.75-3.07) 3.61(0.93-14.04)
 Time to initiation of breastfeedingb     
  No feeding 565(12.9) 13(2.30) 1.0  
  >24 h 3069(70.1) 27(0.88) 0.36(0.20-0.65)  
  ≤24 h 745(17.0) 1(0.13) 0.04(0.01-0.34)  
  1. Abbreviations: ANC, antenatal care; NMR, neonatal mortality rate.
  2. Values are number (percentage) unless otherwise mentioned.
  3. Logistic regressions were adjusted for clustering difference among counties.
  4. aThere are no more other confounders included in the multivariable logistical regression model.
  5. bRestricted to singleton births who survived the first 24 h after March 2007(N = 4693) and not added into multivariable logistical regression.