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Table 3 Prevalence of CVD risk factors and accessibility to CVD risk screening across age groups

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among a Nigerian adult population: relationship with income level and accessibility to CVD risks screening

A. CVD risk factors Age group in years (95% confidence interval) p-values
18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 ≥75
↑TG 10.2 (5.1-15.6) 11.4 (2.9-20.0) 22.4 (10.2-32.7) 32.3 (21.0-43.5) 46.9 (28.1-63.8) 37.5 (16.2-62.5) 48.4 (29.0-67.7) <0.0001
↑CHOL 23.4 (16.1-30.7) 22.9 (11.4-35.5) 32.7 (21.6-46.9) 48.4 (33.9-61.3) 59.4 (40.6-75.0) 62.5 (37.5-81.3) 74.2 (56.7-90.3) <0.0001
Obesity (BMI) 2.2 (0.0-4.4) 17.1 (5.7-28.6) 16.3 (6.1-28.6) 32.3 (21.0-43.5) 15.6 (6.3-28.1) 12.5 (0.0-31.3) 12.9 (3.2-25.8) <0.0001
↓HDL 19.7 (13.1-27.0) 34.3 (20.0-51.4) 20.4 (10.2-34.7) 14.5 (6.5-24.2) 12.5 (3.1-25.0) 6.3 (0.0-25.0) 6.5 (0.0-17.5) 0.053
Prediabetes 3.6 (0.7-7.3) 2.9 (0.0-11.4) 8.2 (2.0-16.3) 6.5 (1.6-12.9) 0.0 0.0 6.5 (0.0-16.1) 0.398
Diabetes 0.7 (0.0-2.9) 0.0 4.1 (0.0-10.2) 8.1 (1.6-14.5) 18.8 (6.3-31.3) 25.0 (6.3-50.0) 6.5 (0.0-16.1) <0.0001
Hypertension 7.3 (2.9-11.7) 28.6 (14.3-42.9) 40.8 (26.5-55.1) 54.8 (38.7-66.1) 68.8 (50.0-84.4) 56.3 (37.5-81.3) 71.0 (54.8-85.2) <0.0001
Obesity (WC) 16.8 (10.2-22.6) 51.4 (34.3-68.6) 77.6 (64.5-88.6) 79.0 (67.7-88.7) 87.5 (75.0-96.9) 68.8 (43.8-87.5) 64.5 (48.4-80.6) <0.0001
B. CVD risk screening   
Have had BP measured 6.7 (3.4-11.4) 43.6 (28.2-61.5) 70.5 (59.0-82.0) 86.4 (78.8-93.9) 83.3 (69.4-94.4) 65.0 (45.0-85.0) 51.2 (36.6-65.9) <0.0001
Have had BG measured 3.4 (0.7-6.7) 7.7 (0.0-15.4) 26.2 (14.8-37.7) 36.4 (24.2-47.0) 55.6 (38.9-69.4) 35.0 (15.0-55.0) 19.5 (7.3-31.7) <0.0001
Have had CHOL measured 1.3 (0.0-3.4) 0.0 4.9 (0.0-11.5) 4.5 (0.0-10.6) 11.1 (2.8-22.2) 5.0 (0.0-15.0) 7.3 (0.0-17.1) 0.094
  1. BP = blood pressure, BG = blood glucose, CHOL = cholesterol.
  2. TG = triglycerides, CHOL = total cholesterol, BMI = body mass index, HDL = high density lipoprotein cholesterol, WC = waist circumference, ↑ = hyper, ↓ = low.