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Table 1 Demographics, risk behaviours and depressive symptoms of the study population (N = 584)

From: Depressive symptoms and clustering of risk behaviours among adolescents and young adults attending vocational education: a cross-sectional study

  Total
N = 584
Age in years  
Mean [2] 18.3 (SD = 2.59, range 15–30)
  %
Gender [ 1 ] 38.9
Boys  
Ethnicity [ 4 ]  
Dutch 27.9
Surinamese 10.3
Antillean 15.7
Moroccan 6.4
Turkish 9.0
Cape Verdean 5.0
Other 25.7
Being a parent [ 28 ]  
Yes 10.6
Binge drinking (past 4 weeks) [ 16 ]  
Never 49.5
1 time 18.7
2 times 13.4
3 - 4 times 8.6
5 or more times 9.9
Cannabis use (past 4 weeks) [ 8 ]  
Never 85.8
1 – 4 times 4.5
5 or more times 9.7
Cigarette smoking (currently) [ 11 ]  
No 62.3
Yes, but not daily 8.0
Yes, daily 29.7
Delinquency [ 6 ]  
Questioned at a police station (last year) 11.1
Truancy (past two months) [73]  
Never 17.8
1 – 2 hours 15.9
3 – 10 hours 30.5
>10 hours 35.8
Debts [ 46 ]  
None 79.0
<500 euro 7.1
>500 euro 13.9
Depressive symptoms [ 16 ]  
CES-D score in the clinical range (score ≥ 16)a 29.2
CES-D scoreb, mean (SD) 12.5 (9.49)
  1. Note: [missing data].
  2. a A cut-off point of 16 is used to indicate clinically significant depressive symptoms and corresponds to the 80th percentile in community samples [34].
  3. b A higher score on the CES-D indicates higher levels of depression symptoms (range 0–60).