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Table 4 Percentage (%) of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension by socio-demographics and those with and without risk factors

From: Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Yi ethnic group aged 50 years and over in rural China: the Yunnan minority eye study

Variables Hypertension Awareness Treatment Control
(n = 2208) (n = 850)a (n = 850)b (n = 234)c
Age groups (yrs): 50–59 (reference) 32.8 30.1 32.4 20.0
60-69 38.2* 25.2 28.1* 27.3
70-79 43.1* 21.4 26.2* 29.2
80- 47.4* 19.2 15.1* 36.4
Gender: Men (reference) 37.7 26.0 24.8 29.0
Women 39.1 24.0 22.1 22.3
Education level: No school (reference) 42.8 19.1 24.2 22.9
Primary school 36.4* 29.9* 28.0* 34.1
Junior high school 34.0* 31.2* 32.1* 25.7
Senior high school 31.2* 36.1* 38.6* 25.0
Junior college and above 25.5* 53.8* 38.5* 40.0
Body weight: normal (reference) 39.5 25.0 27.6 22.2
Leanness 31.4* 14.9* 21.4* 32.6
Overweight 54.3* 41.1* 37.9* 30.6
Obesity 65.5* 52.6* 42.1* 37.5
Cigarette smoking: no (reference) 35.4 21.6 26.6 26.3
Smoking 44.0* 29.4* 28.9 25.7
Alcohol consumption: no (reference) 34.9 21.3 26.4 23.2
Yes 45.7* 30.2* 29.3 28.1
Family history of HBP: no (reference) 35.0 23.2 27.1 24.4
Yes 70.4* 32.2* 29.6 26.5
  1. aAmong participants with hypertension, bAmong participants aware of their hypertension diagnosis, cAmong participants taking medications for their hypertension. *P < 0.01 in cigarette smoking group, alcohol consumption group, P < 0.05 in age group, education level group, Family history of HBP group (compared with the reference by Chi-square test).