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Table 1 Changes in QUITPLAN Helpline participant characteristics (N = 1828)

From: Seizing an opportunity: increasing use of cessation services following a tobacco tax increase

Characteristic June–August 2012 (n = 696) June–August 2013 (n = 1,132) p-value
N % N %
Gender 0.644
Male 274 39.4 458 40.5  
Female 422 60.6 674 59.5  
Race 0.164
White 545 80.6 940 85.2  
Black or African American 75 11.1 95 8.6  
Asian 8 1.2 11 1.0  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2 0.3 1 0.1  
American Indian or Alaska Native 16 2.4 24 2.2  
Other 7 1.0 4 0.4  
Multiple races 23 3.4 28 2.5  
Ethnicity 0.938
Hispanic/Latino 25 3.6 40 3.5  
Non-Hispanic 667 96.4 1089 96.5  
Sexual orientation 0.166
Heterosexual or Straight 644 92.7 1076 95.1  
Gay or Lesbian 24 3.5 28 2.5  
Bisexual 20 2.9 19 1.7  
Other 7 1.0 8 0.7  
Received counseling/treatment/medication for mental health in past 12 months 0.040
No 433 62.6 759 67.3  
Yes 259 37.4 369 32.7  
Education 0.932
Less than grade 9 10 1.4 15 1.3  
Grade 9 to 11, no diploma 56 8.1 101 8.9  
GED 50 7.2 77 6.8  
High school diploma 185 26.6 294 26.0  
Some college or university (includes some tech/trade school) 255 36.7 399 35.3  
College or university degree (including graduate degrees) 139 20.0 244 21.6  
Employment 0.236
Full-time 191 27.6 348 30.9  
Part-time 100 14.5 172 15.2  
Not working for pay/other 400 57.9 608 53.9  
Insurance 0.000
Uninsured 358 51.7 591 52.7  
Medicaid (includes Medical Assistance and Prepaid Medical Assistance Program) 109 15.7 93 8.3  
Medicare 137 19.8 280 25.0  
Private 42 6.1 91 8.1  
Other government (General Assistance or MinnesotaCare) 26 3.8 22 2.0  
Other – unknown 21 3.0 44 3.9  
Region 0.060
Minneapolis/St. Paul 280 40.3 394 34.8  
Suburban (7-county metro excluding Mpls/St. Paul) 86 12.4 148 13.1  
Rest of state 329 47.3 590 52.1  
Pregnancy 0.822
Yes 6 1.4 7 1.0  
Possibly 2 0.5 4 0.6  
No 414 98.1 663 98.4  
Tobacco type 0.144
Cigarettes (only) 644 93.7 1065 95.2  
Cigarettes and other tobacco products 20 2.9 33 2.9  
Other tobacco products (only) 23 3.3 21 1.9  
e-Cigarette use at intake 0.563
No 668 96.0 1080 95.4  
Yes 28 4.0 52 4.6  
Cigarettes per day 0.560
Less than 10 72 11.1 104 9.6  
10 to 20 431 66.5 725 66.9  
21 or more 145 22.4 255 23.5  
Menthol cigarette user 0.240
No 489 73.6 836 76.1  
Yes 175 26.4 262 23.9  
Time to first cigarette 0.908
Within 5 minutes 322 50.0 542 50.0  
6–30 minutes 213 33.1 371 34.3  
31–60 minutes 62 9.6 96 8.9  
More than 60 minutes 47 7.3 74 6.8  
Intend to quit tobacco in next 30 days 0.570
No 17 2.5 33 3.0  
Yes; intend to quit in next 30 days or already quit 658 97.5 1076 97.0  
Quit status at intake 0.054
No; currently using tobacco at intake 670 96.3 1107 97.8  
Yes; quit at intake 26 3.7 25 2.2  
Quit confidence at intake 0.114
Low (1–5) 153 29.1 235 25.9  
Medium (6–8) 290 55.2 551 60.8  
High (9–10) 82 15.6 120 13.2  
Participant set a quit date during intake call 0.568
No 425 61.1 676 59.7  
Yes 271 38.9 456 40.3  
Medical screen 0.000
Passed screen; no MD consent needed 590 85.4 1028 91.3  
Failed screen; MD consent needed 101 14.6 98 8.7  
Average age (stddev) 44.5 (13.6) 46.0 (14.1) 0.035