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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of self-related health among Brazilians and Chileans older adults

From: Gender differences in predictors of self-rated health among older adults in Brazil and Chile

Variables Self-related health Chile (N = 1300) Self-related health Brazil (N = 2052)
  Poor Good p Poor Good p
  (N = 839) (N = 461)   (N = 982) (N = 1070)  
Physical health       
Chronic Diseases n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%)  
≥2 488 (61.3) 165 (37.7) <0.001 670 (68.2) 429 (40.1) <0.001
1 247 (31) 205 (46.8)   231 (23.5) 395 (36.9)  
0 61 (7.7) 68 (15.5)   81 (8.2) 246 (23.0)  
ADL Limitation       
Yes 74 (11.5) 33 (7.2) <0.001 113 (11.5) 47 (4.4) <0.001
No 618 (88.5) 426 (92.8)   869 (88.5) 1023 (95.6)  
IADL Limitation       
Yes 605 (36.4) 68 (14.9) <0.001 349 (35.5) 251 (23.5) <0.001
No 533 (63.6) 389 (85.1)   633 (64.5) 819 (76.5)  
Cognitive Impairment       
Yes 91 (10.9) 26 (5.6) 0.002 149 (15.2) 115 (10.7) 0.003
No 748 (89.1) 435 (94.4)   833 (84.8) 955 (89.3)  
Social structure       
Age       
<75 years old 545 (65.0) 313 (67.9) 0.285 669 (68.1) 758 (70.8) 0.195
≥75 years old 294 (35.0) 148 (32.1)   313 (31.9) 312 (29.2)  
Sex       
Masculine 258 (30.8) 188 (40.8) <0.001 347 (35.3) 479 (44.8) <0.001
Feminine 581 (69.2) 273 (59.2)   635 (64.7) 591 (55.2)  
Marital Status       
Married 282 (33.6) 169 (36.8) 0.439 487 (49.7) 597 (55.8) 0.004
Separate 156 (18.6) 92 (20)   66 (6.7) 88 (8.2)  
Widower 336 (40.1) 168 (36.6)   327 (33.4) 285 (26.7)  
Single 65 (7.8) 30 (6.5)   100 (10.2) 99 (9.3)  
Years of Education       
0 164 (19.6) 58 (12.6) <0.001 295 (30.0) 284 (26.5) <0.001
1-4 231 (27.5) 107 (23.2)   626 (63.7) 656 (61.3)  
5-7 243 (29) 122 (26.5)   44 (4.5) 86 (8.0)  
>8 201 (24) 174 (37.7)   17 (1.7) 44 (4.1)  
Income       
1° tertile 265 (35) 96 (23) <0.001 697 (71.0) 660 (61.7) <0.001
2° tertile 250 (33) 133 (32)   219 (22.3) 286 (26.7)  
3° tertile 243 (32) 187 (45)   66 (6.7) 124 (11.6)  
Retired       
Yes 269 (35.4) 128 (30.0) <0.001 722 (73.5) 796 (74.4) 0.687
No 490 (64.6) 299 (70.0)   260 (26.5) 274 (25.6)  
Household Arrangement       
Living with spouse 184 (21.9) 99 (21.5) 0.654 479 (49.5) 586 (56.2) 0.010
Mixed arrangements 543 (64.7) 308 (66.8)   345 (35.6) 323 (31.0)  
Living alone 112 (13.4) 54 (11.7)   144 (14.9) 133 (12.8)  
Healthcare       
Public 719 (59.4) 369 (53.3) <0.001 583 (59.4) 570 (53.3) 0.003
Others 28 (3.3) 35 (7.6)   399 (40.6) 500 (46.7)  
Behavioural/attitudinal       
Currently Smoking       
Yes 94 (11.2) 64 (13.9) 0.153 116 (11.8) 109 (10.2) 0.258
No 743 (88.8) 395 (86.1)   866 (88.2) 961 (89.8)  
Drinking       
Yes 46 (5.5) 46 (10.0) 0.002 171 (17.4) 212 (19.8) 0.174
No 793 (94.5) 412 (90.0)   811 (82.6) 858 (80.2)  
Physical Activity       
Yes 150 (17.9) 120 (26.1) <0.001 208 (21.2) 337 (31.5) <0.001
No 688 (82.1) 339 (73.9)   774 (78.8) 733 (68.5)  
Psychosocial       
Symptoms of Depression       
Yes 207 (28.2) 98 (23.1) 0.055 430 (43.8) 189 (17.7) <0.001
No 527 (71.8) 327 (76.9)   552 (56.2) 881 (82.3)  
Social Participation       
Yes 248 (29.7) 160 (34.8) 0.058 82 (8.4) 75 (7.0) 0.280
No 588 (66.2) 300 (65.2)   900 (91.6) 995 (93.0)  
  1. ADL: activities of daily living.
  2. IADL: instrumental activities of daily living.