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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics by gender

From: Gender differences in predictors of self-rated health among older adults in Brazil and Chile

Variables Chile Brazil
Total Men Women Total Men Women
(N = 1301) (N = 446) (N = 855) (N = 2052) (N = 826) (N = 1226)
Physical health       
Chronic Diseases n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
≥ 2 654 (53) 171 (41.2) 483 (58.8) 1099 (53.6) 368 (44.6) 731 (59.6)
1 452 (36.6) 182 (44) 270 (32.9) 626 (30.5) 274 (33.2) 352 (28.7)
0 129 (10.5) 61 (14.7) 68 (8.3) 327 (15.9) 184 (22.3) 143 (11.7)
ADL Limitation       
Yes 251 (19.3) 45 (10.1) 206 (24.1) 160 (7.8) 98 (8.0) 62 (7.5)
No 1044 (80.3) 398 (89.2) 646 (75.6) 1892 (92.2) 764 (92.5) 1128 (92.0)
IADL Limitation       
Yes 374 (28.9) 78 (17.6) 296 (34.7) 600 (29.2) 196 (23.7) 404 (33.0)
No 922 (71.1) 365 (82.4) 557 (65.3) 1452 (70.8) 633 (76.3) 822 (67.0)
Cognitive Impairment       
Yes 118 (9.1) 30 (6.7) 88 (10.3) 264 (12.9) 98 (11.9) 166 (13.5)
No 1183 (90.9) 416 (93.3) 767 (89.7) 1788 (87.1) 728 (88.1) 1060 (86.5)
Social structure       
Age       
<75 years old 858 (65.9) 322 (72.2) 536 (62.7) 1427 (69.5) 585 (70.8) 842 (68.7)
≥75 years old 443 (34.1) 124 (27.8) 319 (37.3) 579 (28.2) 241 (29.2) 339 (27.7)
Marital Status       
Married 451 (34.7) 234 (52.5) 217 (25.4) 1084 (52.9) 615 (74.5) 469 (38.3)
Separate 249 (19.1) 86 (19.3) 163 (19.1) 154 (7.5) 59 (7.1) 95 (7.8)
Widower 397 (46.4) 107 (24) 504 (38.7) 612 (29.9) 93 (11.3) 519 (42.4)
Single 95 (7.3) 18 (4) 77 (9) 199 (9.7) 59 (7.1) 140 (11.4)
Years of Education       
0 222 (17.1) 54 (12.1) 168 (19.7) 579 (28.2) 240 (29.1) 339 (27.7)
1–4 339 (26.1) 111 (24.9) 228 (26.7) 1282 (62.5) 500 (60.5) 782 (63.8)
5–7 365 (28.1) 133 (29.8) 232 (27.1) 130 (6.3) 63 (7.6) 67 (5.5)
>8 375 (28.8) 148 (33.1) 227 (26.6) 61 (3.0) 23 (2.8) 38 (3.1)
Income       
1° tertile 361 (30.7) 91 (21.5) 270 (35.9) 1357 (66.1) 480 (58.1) 877 (71.5)
2° tertile 384 (32.7) 125(29.6) 259 (34.4) 505 (24.6) 246 (29.8) 259 (21.1)
3° tertile 430 (36.6) 207 (48.9) 223(29.7) 190 (9.3) 100 (12.1) 90 (7.3)
Retired       
Yes 397 (33.5) 160 (36) 237 (31.9) 1518 (74.0) 699 (84.6) 819 (66.8)
No 790 (66.5) 285 (64) 505 (68.1) 534 (26.0) 27 (15.4) 407 (33.2)
Household Arrangement       
Living with spouse 284 (21.8) 94 (21.1) 149 (16.3) 1065 (53.0) 616 (75.5) 449 (37.6)
Mixed arrangements 851 (65.4) 307 (68.8) 544(63.6) 668 (33.2) 121 (14.8) 547 (45.8)
Living alone 166 (12.8) 45 (10.1) 121 (14.2) 277 (13.8) 79 (9.7) 198 (16.6)
Healthcare       
Public 1089 (83.7) 359 (80.5) 730 (85.4) 1153 (56.2) 477 (57.7) 676 (55.1)
Others 63 (4.8) 25 (5.6) 38 (4.4) 899 (43.8) 349 (42.3) 550 (44.9)
Behavioural/attitudinal       
Currently Smoking       
Yes 158 (12.2) 78 (17.6) 80 (6.7) 225 (11.0) 143 (17.3) 82 (6.7)
No 1139 (87.8) 365 (82.4) 774 (90.6) 1827 (89.0) 683 (82.7) 1144 (93.3)
Drinking       
Yes 92 (7.1) 65 (14.6) 27 (3.2) 383 (18.7) 171 (17.4) 212 (19.8)
No 1206 (92.9) 379 (85.4) 827 (96.8) 1669 (81.3) 569 (68.9) 1100 (89.7)
Physical Activity       
Yes 270 (20.8) 121 (27.2) 149 (17.5) 545 (26.6) 216 (26.2) 329 (26.8)
No 1028 (79.2) 324 (72.8) 704 (82.5) 1507 (73.4) 610 (73.8) 897 (73.2)
Psychosocial       
Symptoms of Depression       
Yes 854 (26.3) 92 (22.7) 213 (28.3) 619 (30.2) 197 (23.8) 422 (34.4)
No 854 (73.7) 314 (77.3) 540 (71.7) 1433 (69.8) 785 (95.0) 804 (65.6)
Social Participation       
Yes 408 (31.5) 108 (24.3) 300 (35.2) 157 (7.7) 41 (5.0) 116 (9.5)
No 889 (68.5) 336 (75.7) 553 (64.8) 1895 (92.3) 900 (91.6) 1110 (90.5)
  1. ADL: activities of daily living.
  2. IADL: instrumental activities of daily living.