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Table 3 Associations between children’s mental health problems and parents’ subjective time pressure by gender and age groups

From: Associations between parents’ subjective time pressure and mental health problems among children in the Nordic countries: a population based study

Age group Mental health problems
n OR (95% CI)a n Adj ORb(95% CI)
reference: no time pressure reference: no time pressure
All children 4923 2.03*** (1.63-2.52) 4850 1.87***(1.50-2.33)c
  Boys Total 2479 1.94*** (1.43-2.63) 2442 1.80*** (1.32-2.46)
4-6 years 614 2.05* (1.12-3.74) 606 1.68 (0.89-3.16)
7-12 years 1174 2.23*** (1.48-3.34) 1157 2.25*** (1.48-3.41)
13-16 years 691 1.12 (0.52-2.45) 679 0.99 (0.45-2.20)
  Girls Total 2444 2.13*** (1.57-2.89) 2408 1.95*** (1.42-2.66)
4-6 years 575 2.07* (1.17-3.65) 566 2.05* (1.15-3.63)
7-12 years 1163 1.88** (1.19-2.97) 1148 1.55 (0.96-2.50)
13-16 years 706 2.75*** (1.51-5.03) 694 2.67** (1.45-4.93)
  1. aOR = Odds Ratio, CI = Confidence Interval.
  2. badjusted for financial stress, other covariates tested for as a confounder: Bullying victimisation, long term illness, parents’ marital status, educational level, working hours, long term sick leave.
  3. cHosmer and Lemeshow test p = .904, Cox & Snell R2 .028, Nagelkerke R2 .055.
  4. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p ≤ .001.