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Table 17 Current cigar smoking and bladder cancer

From: Systematic review of cigar smoking and all cause and smoking related mortality

Study Cohort name Cigar smoker deaths Effect estimate 95% CI Measure Primary/secondary* Adjustment ICD codes
Current Cigar
Kahn1966 Dorn study 10 0.94 (0.45, 1.74) SMR   Age ICD 7: 181
Carstensen1987 Swedish Census Cohort 1 1.9 (0.00, 10.89) SMR   Age, residence ICD 8: 188
Shanks1998 CPS-I 25 1.38 (0.89, 2.04) IRR Primary Age  
Shanks1998 CPS-I 9 1.23 (0.56, 2.33) IRR Secondary Age  
Shapiro2000 CPS-II 6 1 (0.40, 2.30) HR Primary Age, alcohol, smokeless tobacco ICD 9: 188
  1. *Primary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with no previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; secondary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking.