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Table 11 Current cigar smoking and pancreatic cancer

From: Systematic review of cigar smoking and all cause and smoking related mortality

Study Cohort name Cigar smoker deaths Effect estimate 95% CI Measure Primary/secondary* Adjustment ICD codes
Current Cigar
Kahn1966 Dorn study 27 1.52 (1.00, 2.21) SMR   Age ICD 7: 157
Carstensen1987 Swedish Census Cohort 1 1 (0.00, 5.73) SMR   Age, residence ICD 8: 140–146, 148, 161
Shanks1998 CPS-I 56 1.62 (1.22, 2.11) IRR Primary Age  
Shanks1998 CPS-I 20 1.8 (1.10, 2.78) IRR Secondary Age  
Shapiro2000 CPS-II 28 1.3 (0.90, 1.90) HR Primary Age, alcohol, smokeless tobacco ICD 9: 157
  1. *Primary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with no previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking; secondary cigar smoking: current, exclusive cigar smoking with previous history of cigarette or pipe smoking.