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Table 3 Percentage of women with disability reporting experience of violence by selected background characteristics and p-values from chi-square test

From: Hidden voices: prevalence and risk factors for violence against women with disabilities in Nepal

Characteristics Lifetime Past year N
N % N %
Women’s age **   ns   
<20 17 58.6 12 41.4 29
20-35 90 61.6 64 43.8 146
36-64 133 61.3 96 44.2 217
65 and over 34 41.0 28 33.7 83
Caste/ethnicity ns   ns   
Upper caste group 120 58.3 88 42.7 206
Relatively advantaged indigenous groups 71 51.1 52 37.4 139
Disadvantaged indigenous groups 33 73.3 22 48.9 45
Non-touchable group (Dalit) 50 58.8 38 44.7 85
Women’s education ns   ns   
Illiterate 128 57.1 94 42.0 224
Non formal education/1-5 years of schooling 76 62.8 57 47.1 121
6-10 years of schooling 44 55.0 31 38.8 80
Over 10 years 26 52.0 18 36.0 50
Number of living children *   ns   
Unmarried, no child 80 51.6 55 35.5 155
Married, no child 15 51.7 12 41.4 29
1-2 75 68.2 52 47.3 110
3 and over 104 57.5 81 44.8 181
Women’s occupation *   *   
Not working 180 54.1 128 38.4 333
Working for pay 94 66.2 72 50.7 142
Wealth quintile ns   ns   
Lowest 62 65.3 42 44.2 95
Second 52 55.9 44 47.3 93
Middle 54 55.7 41 42.3 97
Fourth 55 57.9 39 41.1 95
Highest 51 53.7 34 35.8 95
Exposure to radio ns   ns   
Never/not applicable 104 60.1 78 45.1 173
Rarely 48 49.0 33 33.7 98
Sometimes (2–3 days a week) 56 60.2 40 43.0 93
Almost everyday 66 59.5 49 44.1 111
Disability status ns   ns   
Blind or deaf 66 55.9 55 46.6 118
Other physical disability but no blind 208 58.3 145 40.6 357
Decision making ns   ns   
Self 56 59.6 38 40.4 94
Joint 4 33.3 4 33.3 12
Other family member 214 58.0 158 42.8 369
Able to visit friends or relatives ns   ns   
Yes 93 55.0 64 37.9 169
No 181 59.2 136 44.4 306
Able to visit health center or hospital ns   *   
Yes 93 55.4 59 35.1 168
No 181 59.0 141 45.9 307
Able to visit any organization ns   **   
Yes 74 52.9 46 32.9 140
No 200 59.7 154 46.0 335
Able to hold membership in the community group ns   ns   
Yes 80 57.1 53 37.9 140
No 194 57.9 147 43.9 335
Agrees with justifying husband beating his wife for any reason ns   ns   
Agree 116 56.9 89 43.6 204
Disagree 158 58.3 111 41.0 271
Whether a wife can refuse sex with her husband for any reason *   *   
Yes 49 71.0 37 53.6 69
No 225 55.4 163 40.1 406
Total 274 57.7 200 42.1 475
  1. *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, P ≤ 0.001, ns -Not significant, and + − p-value not available due to zero or near zero.