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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of adult populations with TB and diabetes ― California 2010–2012

From: Increased risk of tuberculosis among foreign-born persons with diabetes in California, 2010–2012

Characteristic CA adult population with diabetesa CA adult population without diabetesa TB cases with diabetesb TB cases without diabetesb
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
All 2,322,000 (100) 25,475,000 (100) 1,463 (100) 4,587 (100)
Genderc         
 Male 1,174,000 (50.6) 12,368,000 (48.6) 939 (64.2) 2,592 (56.5)
Age groupc         
 18–44 349,000 (15.0) 13,715,000 (53.8) 200 (13.7) 2,061 (44.9)
 45–64 1,129,000 (48.6) 8,200,000 (32.2) 693 (47.4) 1,414 (30.8)
 65–74 498,000 (21.4) 1,910,000 (7.5) 275 (18.8) 509 (11.1)
 ≥75 346,000 (14.9) 1,649,000 (6.5) 295 (20.2) 603 (13.1)
Race and/or ethnicityc         
 White, Non-Hispanic/Latino 866,000 (37.3) 11,228,000 (44.1) 67 (4.6) 423 (9.2)
 Hispanic/Latino 945,000 (40.7) 8,571,000 (33.6) 573 (39.2) 1,526 (33.3)
 Asian/Pacific Islander 283,000 (12.2) 3,672,000 (14.4) 774 (52.9) 2,318 (50.5)
 Black, Non-Hispanic/Latino 178,000 (7.7) 1,388,000 (5.4) 46 (3.1) 311 (6.8)
 American Indian 17,000 (0.7) 105,000 (0.4) 3 (0.2) 9 (0.2)
 Other 33,000 (1.4) 511,000 (2.0) --- --- --- ---
Location of Birthc         
 United States or Canada 1,405,000 (60.6) 17,127,000 (67.5) 168 (11.5) 844 (18.4)
 Latin Americad 615,000 (26.5) 4,738,000 (18.7) 492 (33.7) 1,246 (27.2)
 Southeast Asia/Pacific Islandse 131,000 (5.7) 1,073,000 (4.2) 593 (40.6) 1,423 (31.1)
 East Asiaf 86,000 (3.7) 1,045,000 (4.1) 114 (7.8) 517 (11.3)
 Europeg 36,000 (1.6) 666,000 (2.6) 14 (1.0) 70 (1.5)
 South Asiah 24,000 (1.0) 387,000 (1.5) 55 (3.8) 302 (6.6)
 Africa/Middle Easti 21,000 (0.9) 343,000 (1.4) 24 (1.6) 174 (3.8)
  1. aSource: California Health Interview Survey, 2011–2012.
  2. bSource: California TB case registry, 2010–2012. Excludes patients who were institutionalized (i.e., incarcerated, resident of a long-term care facility) at the time of TB diagnosis.
  3. cChi- square p-value comparing the “TB cases with diabetes” group to “TB cases without diabetes” < .001.
  4. dMexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
  5. ePhilippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Indonesia, Pacific Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, Australia, Singapore.
  6. fChina, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Mongolia.
  7. gIncluding Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey.
  8. hIndia, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka.
  9. iAll African countries, and Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen, Jordan.
  10. Region of origin numbers may not sum to population totals because of limitation of the available CHIS data.