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Table 3 Absolute contribution of diseases to the prevalence of disability (per 100), Belgium, 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2008

From: Contribution of chronic diseases to the disability burden in a population 15 years and older, Belgium, 1997–2008

Diseases Age group (years)
15-54 55-64 65-79 ≥80
Prevalence 95% CI Prevalence 95% CI Prevalence 95% CI Prevalence 95% CI
Men         
Background 1.55 1.55; 1.56 2.60 2.55; 2.66 9.67 9.37; 9.98 25.74 24.02; 27.59
Chronic respiratory diseases 0.28 0.16; 0.40 1.03 0.54; 1.59 1.92 1.02; 2.86 2.96 1.26; 5.02
Diabetes 0.03 0.01; 0.06 0.37 0.10; 0.70 0.64 0.16; 1.21 0.74 0.19; 1.57
Cancer 0.02 0.00; 0.05 0.25 0.06; 0.49 0.66 0.18; 1.21 0.79 0.21; 1.61
Depression 0.27 0.13; 0.42 0.58 0.27; 0.93 0.67 0.32; 1.16 0.67 0.27; 1.22
Neurological diseases 0.18 0.10; 0.29 0.30 0.13; 0.52 0.97 0.44; 1.73 1.80 0.72; 3.22
Cardiovascular diseases         
Heart attack 0.09 0.05; 0.15 1.32 0.76; 2.00 2.51 1.58; 3.53 4.37 2.26; 6.82
Stroke 0.03 0.01; 0.05 0.25 0.08; 0.50 0.54 0.25; 0.84 1.82 0.67; 3.44
Musculoskeletal diseases         
Back pain 0.63 0.44; 0.83 1.91 1.17; 2.72 2.18 1.51; 2.91 1.89 0.95; 2.98
Osteoporosis 0.07 0.03; 0.12 0.47 0.26; 0.71 1.09 0.54; 1.74 1.93 0.95; 3.22
Arthritis 0.26 0.15; 0.38 1.73 1.11; 2.48 2.42 1.39; 3.51 3.50 1.58; 5.86
“Other” diseases 0.24 0.08; 0.42 0.65 0.23; 1.17 0.95 0.30; 1.71 1.50 0.44; 3.02
Total disability prevalence 3.65 3.26; 4.02 11.45 9.51; 13.43 24.21 21.59; 26.71 47.71 40.23; 54.38
Women         
Background 1.81 1.81; 1.82 3.80 3.74; 3.85 12.02 11.64; 12.38 36.80 34.75; 39.01
Chronic respiratory diseases 0.34 0.21; 0.50 0.66 0.37; 1.01 1.26 0.71; 1.96 1.43 0.78; 2.29
Diabetes 0.09 0.04; 0.16 0.59 0.29; 0.98 1.23 0.62; 1.98 1.40 0.66; 2.25
Cancer 0.06 0.02; 0.11 0.30 0.08; 0.58 0.63 0.21; 1.11 0.68 0.16; 1.56
Depression 0.35 0.19; 0.54 0.78 0.37; 1.29 0.97 0.48; 1.56 0.99 0.45; 1.69
Neurological diseases 0.15 0.06; 0.27 0.39 0.19; 0.66 0.55 0.27; 0.88 1.32 0.65; 2.17
Cardiovascular diseases         
Heart attack 0.06 0.03; 0.10 0.38 0.17; 0.64 1.27 0.68; 2.05 2.33 1.07; 3.75
Stroke 0.06 0.02; 0.13 0.40 0.20; 0.66 0.89 0.48; 1.44 2.29 1.27; 3.54
Musculoskeletal diseases         
Back pain 0.70 0.48; 0.93 2.00 1.26; 2.93 3.13 2.07; 4.27 3.49 2.22; 4.83
Osteoporosis 0.05 0.01; 0.09 0.50 0.13; 0.92 1.15 0.30; 2.13 1.61 0.41; 2.99
Arthritis 0.72 0.50; 0.99 4.20 3.15; 5.52 8.29 6.41; 10.26 12.02 8.63; 15.46
“Other” diseases 0.30 0.07; 0.53 0.58 0.13; 1.07 0.91 0.20; 1.71 1.32 0.28; 2.53
Total disability prevalence 4.68 4.18; 5.22 14.58 12.76; 16.79 32.30 29.57; 34.88 65.68 61.47; 69.41
  1. The disease contribution do not sum to the total disability prevalence due to rounding.
  2. “Other” diseases included: chronic cystitis, stomach ulcer, bowel diseases, cirrhosis, gall-stones, cataract, glaucoma, migraine, thyroid problems, and skin diseases.