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Table 2 Proportions of reported adoption of LD preventive behaviors by region, gender, age groups and level of exposure

From: Factors associated with preventive behaviors regarding Lyme disease in Canada and Switzerland: a comparative study

Preventive measure Gender Age Level of exposure Total1 Total region2
Women Men 18-34 yr 35-54 yr 55+ yr High Low
% n % n % n % n % n % n % n % n P %
Performing tick check after outdoor activities       
Montérégie 16% 13/81 20% 17/85 11% 2/19 15% 10/69 23% 18/78 20% 8/40 18% 22/126 18% 30/166 <0.0001 7%
Neuchâtel 82% 155/190 69%* 79/114 78% 62/80 79% 106/135 74% 66/89 80% 138/172 73% 96/132 77% 234/304   57%
Wearing protective clothing      
Montérégie 50% 42/84 49% 45/92 63% 10/16 36%** 27/75 60% 50/85 49% 19/39 50% 68/137 49% 87/176 <0.0001 22%
Neuchâtel 76% 139/183 69% 79/115 61%2 47/77 76% 102/135 80% 69/86 78% 131/169 67%*** 87/129 73% 218/298   53%
Applying tick repellent       
Montérégie 40% 35/87 30% 26/87 61% ** 11/18 35% 24/69 30% 27/87 43% 17/40 33% 44/134 35% 61/174 ns 15%
Neuchâtel 44% 82/185 33% 37/111 34% 27/79 49%** 65/134 33% 27/83 42% 70/165 37% 49/131 40% 119/296   29%
Avoiding wooded areas during high-risk period       
Montérégie 45% 39/86 26%* 23/90 30% 6/20 23%** 17/73 47%** 39/83 14% 6/42 42%*** 56/134 35% 62/176 ns 15%
Neuchâtel 36% 67/184 37% 38/104 31% 23/74 35% 45/130 44% 37/84 28% 45/159 47%*** 60/129 37% 105/288   25%
Treating properties with acaricides       
Montérégie 10% 8/83 3% 3/89 0% 0/17 3% 2/70 11%** 9/85 5% 2/37 7% 9/135 6% 11/172 ns 3%
Neuchâtel 5% 6/116 7% 5/71 4% 2/52 7% 6/87 6% 3/48 7% 7/101 5% 4/86 6% 11/187   3%
Gobal preventive behavior score       
Montérégie 58% 59/102 55% 55/100 57% 13/23 52% 42/81 60% 59/98 60% 27/45 55% 87/157 56% 114/202 <0.0001 28%
Neuchâtel 89% 175/197 82% 99/121 86% 71/83 86% 121/141 87% 82/94 91% 161/177 80%*** 113/141 86% 274/318   66%
  1. 1includes only respondents who knew of LD before survey administration (Proportion of adoption in ‘LD familiar’ respondents).
  2. 2includes all respondents (Proportion of adoption in the total population; Montérégie: n = 401, Neuchâtel: n = 413).
  3. *Significant (p < 0,05) difference when compared to women in the same region (Pearson Chi-square statistic).
  4. **Significant (p < 0,05) difference when compared to other age groups in the same region (Pearson Chi-square statistic).
  5. ***Significant (p < 0,05) difference when compared to the high exposed group in the same region (Pearson Chi-square statistic).