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Table 6 Awareness/understanding of causes and symptoms of diabetes for the total group and by gender, origin, age and BMI groups

From: Health status of primary school educators in low socio-economic areas in South Africa

   Contributing to diabetes2 Symptoms of diabetes2
Category N1 Sugar & sweets Super natural Obesity Fatty foods Being very thirsty Peeing all the time Vomiting Weight loss Constant hunger Slow healing if wounds Blurred vision Repeated infections
Gender
Male 196 65.6 10.0 79.7 90.7 76.7 61.7 11.3 71.6 46.9 77.3 71.7 42.1
Female 321 57.8 12.5 73.3 90.3 84.5 59.8 10.4 74.0 55.9 82.6 73.3 42.8
p-value 3   0.005 0.393 0.105 0.878 0.026 0.679 0.751 0.567 0.049 0.144 0.679 0.877
Origin
Rural 329 55.4 13.4 75.9 90.5 80.5 60.9 11.2 68.9 52.5 80.8 74.6 41.1
Urban 188 61.6 8.2 75.5 90.2 83.4 59.9 10.2 80.2 52.4 80.2 69.4 45.1
p-value 3   0.007 0.111 0.408 0.237 0.411 0.828 0.745 0.006 0.986 0.871 0.20 0.377
Age categories
<30 10 100.0 20.0 80.0 80.0 66.7 30.0 0.0 50.0 40.0 70.0 40.0 40.0
30-49 366 58.8 9.5 76.6 91.5 79.8 60.8 11.6 72.3 53.6 79.8 73.6 43.1
>50 130 50.8 15.8 70.9 87.5 86.7 59.4 9.4 74.8 50.0 83.4 72.7 38.6
p-value3   0.007 0.111 0.408 0.237 0.145 0.419 0.419 0.236 0.570 0.448 0.063 0.671
BMI
Normal 113 55.1 7.3 72.5 87.2 72.1 51.5 9.0 68.5 45.9 74.8 63.1 41.4
Overweight 162 62.4 11.7 77.6 89.2 83.1 64.6 10.7 72.2 56.1 76.1 73.4 40.8
Obese 242 55.7 13.3 76.1 92.7 84.9 62.1 11.7 77.1 56.1 86.3 76.7 44.3
p-value 3   0.347 0.272 0.629 0.219 0.013 0.073 0.756 0.080 0.203 0.009 0.028 0.763
Total 517 57.7 11.5 75.8 90.4 81.6 60.5 10.8 73.1 52.5 80.6 72.7 42.5
  1. 1n varies due to missing values.
  2. 2% YES depicted, the balance responded NO, row %.
  3. 3Pearson Chi-squared test.