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Table 2 Comparison of predicting risk factors for Prehypertension (vs. Normotension) and Hypertension (vs. Prehypertension) Groups

From: Prevalence and determinants of pre-hypertension and hypertension among the adults in rural Bangladesh: findings from a community-based study

  Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Risk factors Prehypertension vs normotensive Hypertension vs pre hypertension
Age   
 25-39 yrs (reference)   
 40-49 1.067(0.914 - 1.246) 2.517(1.965 -3.225)
 50-59 1.517(1.286 - 1.789) 3.642(2.853 - 4.649)
 60 and above 2.295(1.835 - 2.870) 4.480(3.380 - 5.939)
Sex   
Female (reference)   
Male 1.198(1.014 - 1.417) 0.927(0.732 - 1.174)
Education   
 No (reference)   
 Primary 0.865(0.742 - 1.008) 1.060(0.856 - 1.313)
 Secondary 0.902(0.756 - 1.076) 1.092(0.846 - 1.410)
 Higher secondary 0.768(0.552 - 1.068) 1.408(0.881 – 2.249)
 Higher 0.936(0.670 - 1.309) 1.246(0.784 - 1.982)
Quintiles   
 Poorest (reference)   
 Poorer 0.958(0.769 - 1.194) 0.990(0.720 - 1.361)
 Middle 1.216(0.982 - 1.506) 0.940(0.694 - 1.273)
 Less poor 1.335(1.078 - 1.655) 0.691(0.508 - 0.942)
 Least poor 1.248(1.000 - 1.556) 0.817(0.598 - 1.116)
BMI   
 <18.5 (reference)   
 18.5-22.9 1.519(1.311 - 1.760) 1.033(0.830 - 1.287)
 23.0-27.4 2.459(2.028 – 2.980) 1.362(1.051 - 1.764)
 ≥27.5 4.667(3.346 – 6.510) 1.441(0.999 - 2.079)
Smoking   
 Not smoking (reference)   
 Currently smoking 0.894(0.755 - 1.057) 0.683(0.534 – 0.874)
Chewing   
 Not chewing (reference)   
 Currently chewing 0.86(0.75 – 0.98) 0.89(0.74 - 1.07)
Fruit consumption 0.98(0.97 – 1.00) 0.99(0.97 – 1.01)
Vegetable consumption 1.00(0.99 – 1.01) 0.99(0.98 – 1.00)
Physical activity   
 Walking 1.00(1.00 - 1.00) 0.999(0.997 - 1.001)
 Moderate 1.00(1.00 - 1.00) 0.999(0.998 - 1.000)
 Heavy 1.00(1.00 - 1.00) 0.999(0.998 - 1.001)