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Table 1 Distribution of pre-hypertension and hypertension by socio-economic and lifestyle factors among the adults of Rural Bangladesh* (n = 6094)

From: Prevalence and determinants of pre-hypertension and hypertension among the adults in rural Bangladesh: findings from a community-based study

Characteristics Normotension <120/80 mmHg N = 3,176 Pre-hypertension 120-139 or 80-89 mmHg N = 1,946 Hypertension ≥140 or ≥ 90 mmHg N = 972 p-value
Prevalence 52.1 31.9 16  
Age, 25-39 44.0 37.3 16.9  
  40-49 28.3 24.8 25.5  
  50-59 20.6 25.3 35.6  
  60 and above 7.3 12.6 22.1 <0.0001
 Mean (SD) 42.1(10.9) 44.5(11.6) 50.1(10.3) <0.0001
Sex men 51.0 52.8 42.6 <0.0001
Education     
 No 41.9 40.6 45.3  
 Primary 28.2 26.6 26.2  
 Secondary 22.2 23.6 20.1  
 Higher secondary 4.0 4.4 4.1  
 Higher 3.7 4.8 4.3 0.9092
 Mean( SD) 3.8(4.3) 4.2(4.5) 3.8(4.4) 0.0139
Asset Index     
 Poorest 16.3 12.4 13.2  
 Poorer 19.8 14.6 15.7  
 Middle 19.1 19.1 19.9  
 Less poor 19.9 23.1 19.0 <0.0001
 Least poor 25.0 30.8 32.2  
Smoking 31.3 29.5 20.1 <0.0001
Chewing 35.9 34.4 40.1 0.0092
Fruit intake, Mean (SD) 2.6(4.2) 2.6(4.2) 2.2(3.9) 0.0138
Vegetable intake, Mean (SD) 15.1(9.3) 15.6(9.1) 14.1(9.1) 0.0006
Physical activity (min per day)     
 Walking (SD) 36.1(61.9) 34.4(59.5) 26.3(50.5) <0.0001
 Moderate (SD) 77.3(134.2) 79.4(132.4) 60.2(113.1) 0.0004
 Heavy (SD) 23.9(87.0) 19.5(76.5) 12.2(61.2) 0.0003
BMI     
 <18.5 33.3 22.1 22.7  
 18.5-22.9 50.4 48.6 43.2  
 23.0-27.4 14.0 22.7 25.8  
 ≥27.5 2.2 6.6 8.2 <0.0001
 Mean ± SD 20.5(8.3) 21.8(7.9) 22.1(7.1) <0.0001
  1. *Results are expressed as percent, unless otherwise indicated.