Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of multimorbidity according to three different definitions and the participants’ characteristics

From: Prevalence of measured and reported multimorbidity in a representative sample of the Swiss population

  Definition A Definition B Definition C
All 1294 (34.8) 2089 (56.3) 845 (22.7)
Gender    
Woman 790 (40.2) 1213 (61.7) 533 (27.1)
Man 502 (28.7) 876 (50.1) 312 (17.9)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Age group    
35-44 314 (23.6) 671 (50.2) 184 (13.8)
45-54 418 (33.9) 697 (56.7) 275 (22.4)
55-64 499 (47.1) 658 (62.3) 353 (33.4)
65+ 61 (67.0) 63 (70.0) 33 (36.7)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Education    
Primary 259 (42.2) 357 (58.1) 191 (31.1)
Apprenticeship 480 (37.9) 747 (58.9) 328 (25.9)
High school/college 319 (31.9) 555 (55.4) 203 (20.3)
University 236 (28.4) 430 (51.7) 123 (14.8)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.01 <0.001
Receiving social help    
No 1004 (31.7) 1708 (54.0) 625 (19.7)
Yes 290 (52.9) 381 (69.5) 220 (40.2)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Born in Switzerland    
No 460 (31.4) 768 (52.3) 289 (19.7)
Yes 832 (37.1) 1321 (58.8) 556 (24.8)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Smoking    
Never 440 (30.2) 714 (48.9) 288 (19.7)
Former 462 (38.7) 721 (60.4) 304 (25.5)
Current 390 (36.8) 654 (61.6) 253 (23.9)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 0.001
BMI status    
Normal 560 (29.3) 1054 (55.0) 302 (15.8)
Overweight 470 (36.1) 700 (53.7) 235 (18.0)
Obese 262 (52.9) 335 (67.5) 308 (62.1)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Abdominal obesity    
No 830 (30.0) 1474 (53.2) 435 (15.7)
Yes 464 (49.2) 615 (65.2) 410 (43.4)
p-value between groups <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  1. Results are expressed as number of participants (percentage) presenting with the condition. BMI, body mass index. Definitions A and B based on [12]. Definition C based on the Functional Comorbidity Index [17]. For more details, please consult Additional file 1: Table S1. Statistical analysis between groups stratified on the definition of multimorbidity using chi-square.