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Table 3 Food habits, physical activity and sedentary lifestyles in cases and control children

From: Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study

Characteristics All Obese Normal-weight p-valuea
(%) (%) (%)
Food habits     
Parents informationb (n) 383 194 189  
Having healthy dietary habitsc 58.6 51.8 65.6 0.007
Not having breakfast at home 23.5 26.5 20.3 0.15
Not bringing lunch to school 25.9 28.4 23.3 0.24
Bringing money to buy food at school 12.1 14.1 10.2 0.24
Children informationd (n) 402 202 200  
Having healthy dietary habitsc 54.5 50.0 58.0 0.15
Not having breakfast at home 18.7 17.3 20.0 0.49
Not bringing lunch to school 18.4 22.3 14.5 0.04
Bringing money to buy food at school 34.3 36.1 32.5 0.44
Physical activity     
At school (h/week)e     
<1 67.7 72.8 62.5 0.02
≥1 32.3 27.2 37.5  
Outside of school (METs) (tertiles)f     
1 (0) 49.2 49.0 49.5  
2 (0.17-2.52) 17.4 17.8 17.0  
3 (2.53-14.28) 33.3 33.2 33.5 0.97
Sedentary     
Televisions at home (number)     
1-2 46.0 40.6 51.5  
3-4 54.0 59.4 48.5 0.02
Hours in front of the screen     
≤2 44.8 41.1 48.5  
>2 55.2 58.9 51.5 0.13
Transportation (home/school)     
Other 37.6 34.2 41.0  
Car 62.4 65.8 59.0 0.15
Sleep hours     
<9 h 39.3 44.5 33.4  
≥9 h 60.7 55.5 66.6 0.03
  1. aPearson’s X2 test.
  2. bInformation given by parents covering the week prior to the interview.
  3. cHealthy dietary habits defined as follows: eating breakfast at home, bringing lunch to school, and not bringing money to purchase food.
  4. dInformation given by children only about the day prior to the interview.
  5. eIndependent of the time dedicated to recreation for the children.
  6. fMET, metabolic equivalent.