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Table 2 Intake of energy and macronutrients by children, cases and controls

From: Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study

Daily nutrient intake All Obese Normal-weight p-valuea
(n = 402) (n = 202) (n = 200)
Median (25p, 75p) Median (25p, 75p) Median (25p, 75p)
Energy, (kcal/d) 2036 (1557, 2779) 1912 (1455, 2593) 2181 (1659, 2986) 0.002
% adequacy 109.2 (81.7, 144.1) 98.0 (75.0, 138.4) 114.5 (92.3, 151.9) <0.001
Protein, (g/d) 73 (58, 100) 69 (55, 93) 77 (61, 110) 0.006
% kcal/d 14.5 (13.2, 16.1) 14.5 (13.3, 16.2) 14.6 (13.1, 15.9) 0.59
Carbohydrates, (g/d) 256 (183, 345) 243 (177, 322) 276 (192, 386) 0.003
% kcal/d 49.4 (45.1, 53.7) 49.5 (45.9, 54) 49.1 (44.9, 53.7) 0.85
Total lipids, (g/d) 83 (62, 118) 79 (60, 106) 90 (67, 128) 0.003
% kcal/d 37.3 (33.4, 40.8) 37.0 (33.4, 40.6) 37.6 (33.3, 41) 0.63
Saturated fats, (g/d) 30 (22, 42) 28 (21, 39) 32 (23, 45) 0.002
% kcal/d (totals) 13.3 (11.9, 14.7) 13.2 (11.8, 14.7) 13.5 (12, 14.8) 0.37
Polyunsaturated fats, (g/d) 15 (10, 21) 14 (9, 19) 16 (11, 24) 0.01
% kcal/d (totals) 6.3 (5.3, 7.6) 6.3 (5.4, 7.5) 6.3 (5.3, 7.8) 0.94
Total cholesterol, (mg/d) 264 (189, 355) 251 (175, 332) 282 (200, 376) 0.007
Fiber, (g/d) 15 (11, 21) 14 (10, 18) 16 (11, 22) 0.006
% adequacy 74.3 (52.3, 99.7) 69.3 (49.3, 92.5) 77.7 (58.5, 108.5) 0.003
  1. aMann-Whitney’s U test. p, percentile.