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Table 3 Influence of HIV serostatus, treatment status, and personal and household attributes on cardiometabolic risk among women in Agincourt sub-district 2010–2011 [All estimates include sampling weights]

From: Cardiometabolic disease risk and HIV status in rural South Africa: establishing a baseline

  Odds ratio [95% CI]
  Obesityc High waist circumferenced Diabetese Hypertensionf High triglyceridesg High LDL cholesterolh Low HDL cholesteroli
HIV status        
 HIV-    
 HIV+, no treatment 0.64 0.67 0.4 0.82 1.19 0.53 1.38
  [0.49, 0.85] [0.52, 0.86] [0.15, 1.04] [0.63, 1.07] [0.90, 1.57] [0.38, 0.73] [1.06, 1.81]
 HIV+, on treatment 0.27 0.5 0.64 0.74 1.65 0.83 0.56
  [0.15, 0.46] [0.33, 0.76] [0.18, 2.23] [0.49, 1.10] [1.10, 2.48] [0.51, 1.33] [0.33, 0.95]
Age groups        
 18-29 0.27 0.21 0.22 0.29 0.51 0.58 2.08
  [0.20, 0.37] [0.16, 0.28] [0.07, 0.76] [0.22, 0.39] [0.37, 0.71] [0.40, 0.83] [1.60, 2.72]
 30-49    
 50+ 1.03 1.73 4.53 2.39 1.57 2.79 0.55
  [0.78, 1.35] [1.33, 2.24] [2.37, 8.64] [1.83, 3.10] [1.18, 2.08] [2.09, 3.72] [0.40, 0.76]
SES tertilesa        
 1st (lowest)    
 2nd 1.65 1.46 1.36 1.1 1.3 1.04 0.9
  [1.26, 2.15] [1.15, 1.87] [0.71, 2.61] [0.86, 1.42] [0.98, 1.71] [0.77, 1.40] [0.68, 1.19]
 3rd (highest) 1.92 1.84 1.72 1.03 1.35 1.09 0.84
  [1.47, 2.52] [1.43, 2.37] [0.94, 3.16] [0.79, 1.33] [1.02, 1.79] [0.81, 1.48] [0.62, 1.13]
Currently employed 1.28 1.41 1 1.21 1.12 0.84 0.89
  [0.99, 1.67] [1.08, 1.84] [0.46, 2.17] [0.93, 1.57] [0.84, 1.49] [0.61, 1.15] [0.66, 1.20]
Ever smoked 0.41 0.5 1.18 2.2 1.33 0.76 1.25
  [0.16, 1.09] [0.23, 1.06] [0.25, 5.43] [0.86, 5.60] [0.59, 3.01] [0.34, 1.70] [0.46, 3.41]
Physical activityb        
 Low    
 Moderate 0.93 1.04 1.22 0.72 1.06 0.77 0.96
  [0.74, 1.17] [0.83, 1.31] [0.70, 2.14] [0.57, 0.90] [0.83, 1.36] [0.59, 1.01] [0.74, 1.24]
 High 0.85 0.88 0.94 0.71 0.91 0.77 0.84
  [0.62, 1.17] [0.66, 1.17] [0.43, 2.06] [0.53, 0.96] [0.65, 1.27] [0.54, 1.10] [0.60, 1.18]
Alcohol frequency, past month        
 Not in past 30 days    
 1 – 3 days/month 0.54 1.14 Omitted 1.08 1.32 0.6 0.77
  [0.27, 1.09] [0.64, 2.05]   [0.63, 1.88] [0.68, 2.56] [0.28, 1.26] [0.38, 1.58]
 1 – 4 days/week 0.89 1.11 0.69 0.54 1.6 0.49 0.65
  [0.38, 2.05] [0.56, 2.19] [0.15, 3.17] [0.29, 0.97] [0.69, 3.71] [0.22, 1.06] [0.22, 1.97]
 5+ days/week 0.14 0.72 Omitted 0.75 1.91 1.05 0.36
  [0.02, 1.05] [0.23, 2.24]   [0.24, 2.32] [0.35, 10.32] [0.27, 4.06] [0.03, 3.88]
Formal education        
 None    
 1 – 5 years 1.45 1.3 0.9 0.74 0.87 1.17 1.18
  [1.04, 2.01] [0.94, 1.80] [0.43, 1.91] [0.53, 1.03] [0.61, 1.23] [0.82, 1.67] [0.77, 1.79]
 6+ years 1.45 1.38 1.46 0.88 0.93 0.93 1.36
  [1.08, 1.95] [1.04, 1.84] [0.78, 2.71] [0.66, 1.17] [0.68, 1.25] [0.68, 1.27] [0.97, 1.92]
N 2057 2064 1984 2064 2064 1601 2064
  1. aBased on an household asset index score in 2009.
  2. bBased on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ).
  3. cBody mass index (kg/m2) 30 or higher.
  4. dGreater than 88 cm.
  5. eBlood glucose greater than or equal to 11.1.
  6. fSystolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mmHg, or diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 90 mmHg or use of antihypertensive medication.
  7. gGreater than or equal to 1.7 mmol/l.
  8. hGreater than or equal to 3.0 mmol/l.
  9. iLess than 1.29 mmol/l.