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Table 1 A smoking profile and comorbidities in the Kashubian sample of current smokers

From: Nicotine dependence in an isolated population of Kashubians from North Poland: a population survey

Characteristics Values: N (%), Mean ± SD
Males 608 (62.7)
Age (years) 44.2 ± 14.2
Age category:  
<30 yrs 194 (20.0)
30-45 yrs. 283 (29.2)
46-60 yrs. 384 (39.6)
>60 yrs. 108 (11.1)
Daily smokers 902 (93.1)
Tobacco chippers 107 (11.0)
Heavy smokers 114 (11.8)
Age at starting smoking (years) 19.1 ± 4.2
Smokers who started smoking in the age ≤16 yrs 206 (21.3)
Duration of smoking; years 23.0 ± 13.1
No. of cigarettes smoked daily 17.3 ± 7.7
FTND* 3.9 ± 2.3
HSI* 2.6 ± 1.5
TFC ≤5 min 230 (25.5)
Subjects with any chronic comorbidities 285 (29.4)
Respiratory diseases 67 (6.9)
Cardiovascular diseases 148 (15.3)
Gastrointestinal tract diseases 20 (2.1)
Degenerative spine and/or joint disease 40 (4.1)
Endocrine disease 59 (6.1)
Psychiatric disorders 12 (1.2)
Other 40 (4.1)
Subjects with a history of neoplasm 12 (1.2)
  1. *FTND and HSI scores were 0 in the occasional smokers.