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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and nutrient intake in Australian children aged 2–16 years by consumption of CFB (n = 4487)

From: Australian children’s consumption of caffeinated, formulated beverages: a cross-sectional analysis

Demographic characteristic/Nutrient intake Total sample,n(%)a CFBconsumer,n(%)a CFBnon-consumer,n(%)a Pb
No. of participants 4487 642(15) 3845(85)  
Gender     
Male 2249(51) 351(55) 1898(50) 0.06
Female 2238(49) 291(45) 1947(50)
Age group (years)     
2-3 1071(12) 48(3) 1023(14) <0.001
4-8 1216(34) 105(20) 1111(36)
9-13 1110(33) 204(41) 906(32)
14-16 1090(21) 285(36) 805(18)
SES category     
Low 1414(30) 253(38) 1161(29) <0.001
Mid 1583(36) 232(37) 1351(36)
High 1490(34) 157(25) 1333(35)
Weight classification c     
Underweight 212(5) 30(5) 182(5) 0.008
Healthy weight 3267(72) 434(66) 2833(74)
Overweight 761(17) 119(19) 642(17)
Obese 247(6) 59(10) 188(5)
Energy intake (kJ/day),     <0.001
Mean 8394 9613 8187
(95% CI) (8250–8537) (9247–9977) (8039–8335)
Total Caffeine intake (mg/day),     <0.001
Mean 18 61 11
(95% CI) (17–20) (55–67) (10–12)
Total Caffeine intake (mg/kg) d     <0.001
Mean 0.43 1.33 0.27
(95% CI) (0.39–0.46) (1.20-1.45) (0.25-0.30)
  1. CFB - Caffeinated, formulated beverage; SES – Socioeconomic Status.
  2. a% weighted for age, gender and region; bP values determined using χ2 and independent t-test; cWeight classification based on the International Obesity Task Force BMI reference cutoffs [30,31]; dmg/kg bodyweight of participant.