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Table 2 Characteristics of the interview participants (N=25)

From: The role of theory-driven graphic warning labels in motivation to quit: a qualitative study on perceptions from low-income, urban smokers

Characteristics n (%)1
Age in years (mean ± standard deviation) 45 ± 11
 Age range in years 22 – 61
Age group  
 < 40 years 10 (40)
 ≥ 40 years 15 (60)
Race  
 African American 22 (88)
 Caucasian 3 (12)
Gender  
 Male 12 (48)
 Female 13 (52)
Marital status  
 Single 12 (48)
 Married/partnered 12 (48)
 Separated 1 (4)
Level of education  
 Less than high school 12 (48)
 High school or GED2 completed 11 (44)
 Some college, college completed or higher 2 (8)
Employment status  
 Employed full time 1 (4)
 Unemployed 7 (28)
 Unable to work or retired 16 (64)
 Student 1 (4)
Personal pre-tax income from previous year  
 Less than $10,000 16 (64)
 $10,000 – 29,999 6 (24)
 $30,000 – 49,999 1 (4)
 Not applicable 2 (8)
Smoking frequency  
 Once a week or a few times a week 2 (8)
 Everyday 23 (92)
Cigarette packs smoked per day3  
 Less than 1 pack 11 (44)
 1 pack 7 (28)
 More than 1 pack 7 (28)
Ever tried to quit 14 (56)
 ≥1 quit attempt in the previous 12 months4 11 (79)
 Currently trying to quit4 8 (57)
  1. 1Frequency and percentage reported unless otherwise noted.
  2. 2General Educational Development (GED).
  3. 3On days that they smoked.
  4. 4Only among participants who reported ever trying to quit (n=14).
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