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Table 5 Linear regression of minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (1 minute bouts), by car ownership and site (SE in parentheses) (n = 2101)

From: Association of car ownership and physical activity across the spectrum of human development: Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS)

  No interactions1,2 No confounders Adj. confounders2 Confounders2 + BMI
No car     
US ref. ref. ref. ref.
Seychelles −1.8 (1.8) −13.6 (2.6)* −12.2 (3.3)* −14.1 (3.3)*
Jamaica −8.3 (1.9)* −19.1 (2.7)* −19.3 (3.4)* −21.2 (3.3)*
S. Africa 1.3 (2.3) −8.8 (2.6)* −9.9 (3.5)* −10.9 (3.4)*
Ghana 0.0 (2.3) −13.4 (2.6)* −10.4 (3.5)* −13.5 (3.5)*
Car     
USA −12.6 (1.4)* −26.1 (3.5)* −24.3 (3.2)* −23.7 (−3.2)*
Seychelles −10.7 (2.6)* −12.1 (2.4)* −12.2 (−2.4)*
Jamaica −6.3 (2.7)* −9.9 (2.6)* −10.1 (−2.6)*
S. Africa −4.3 (3.5) −5.6 (3.3) −5.7 (−3.3)
Ghana −10.8 (3.8)* −11.8 (3.6)* −11.3 (−3.6)*
  1. Note: All site*car interactions are p = 0.001 or less vs. the US.
  2. 1 Same as Model 1, Table 4 .
  3. 2 Adjusted for age, gender, income, and material goods score.
  4. *denotes p < 0.05.
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