Skip to main content

Table 1 Prevalence of ALRI among children <5 years stratified by gas stove ventilation and heating status

From: A cross sectional analysis of behaviors related to operating gas stoves and pneumonia in U.S. children under the age of 5

  Pneumonia Coughing
  N % 95% CI N % 95% CI
All 120 3.24 2.52, 3.98 1,144 33.06 30.81, 35.31
Was ventilation used when operating gas stove
Yes 48 2.41 1.64, 3.18 567 32.51 28.33, 36.69
No 72 4.17* 2.71, 5.63 574 33.40 28.99, 37.80
Was gas stove used for heating
Yes 86 5.65** 2.56, 9.66 231 40.34 31.86, 49.43
No 32 2.71 2.10, 3.49 908 31.80 29.16, 34.57
Heating and ventilation status combined
Unvented and Heat 25 6.83** 3.74, 12.14 157 44.02 34.22, 54.31
Vented and Heat 7 3.54a 1.56, 7.80 74 33.73 22.02, 47.84
Unvented and only cooking 45 3.23 2.12, 4.89 412 30.87 27.01, 35.03
Vented and only cooking 41 2.31 1.67, 3.19 493 32.46 28.32, 36.88
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval.
  2. *P < 0.05.
  3. **P < 0.01.
  4. aMay be statistically unreliable, relative standard error (SE/percent) >30%.