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Table 3 Distribution of household coping strategy index by some selected attributes

From: Coping strategies of HIV-affected households in Ghana

CSI Mean 95% confidence interval for the mean  
   Lower limit Upper limit Remarks
Sex of household head     
Male 18.2 16.0 20.4 SSD
Female 24.4 22.0 26.8  
Educational level of household head     
Never been to school 27.7 24.1 31.2 NSSD
Primary level education 20.0 17.2 22.8  
Secondary level education 18.4 15.9 21.0  
Tertiary level education 17.0 10.7 23.3  
Presence of orphan(s) in the household     
No orphan 21.2 19.6 22.8 NSSD
At least one orphan 32.2 20.1 44.3  
Caring for a chronically ill household member     
Not caring for a chronically ill household member 32.7 26.0 39.5 SSD
Currently caring for a chronically ill household member 20.6 18.9 22.3  
Recent death     
No recent death 19.9 18.3 21.5 NSSD
Any recent death 22.9 11.2 34.7  
Effective dependency rate     
Less than or equal to50% 27.9 24.8 31.1 NSSD
More than 50% 27.6 24.3 30.9  
  1. SSD – Statistically significant difference (p < 0.05); NSD – No statistically significant difference (p > 0.05). Descriptive statistics and 95% confidence interval are derived from descriptive analysis using the “Explore” tool in SPSS).