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Table 2 Socio-demographics, and other attributes of household members (N = 1745)

From: Coping strategies of HIV-affected households in Ghana

Attribute Proportion N = 1745 Sex of household head
Male Female
N (%) N (%)
Sex of main head of household      
Female 50.6     
Male 49.4     
Sex of main respondent      
Female 74.7 457 53.0 847 95.9
Male 25.3 405 47.0 36 4.1
Age of main respondent      
15 years or younger 2.2 17 2.0 21 2.4
16 to 19 years 1.5 8 .9 18 2.0
20 to 39 years 49.4 402 46.6 460 52.1
40 to 59 years 42.1 383 44.4 351 39.8
60 years or older 4.9 52 6.0 33 3.7
Marital status of main respondent      
Divorced 15.2 80 9.3 186 21.1
Married 40.6 571 66.2 138 15.6
Separated 7.1 28 3.2 96 10.9
Never married 16.6 100 11.6 190 21.5
Widowed 20.4 83 9.6 186 21.1
Educational level of main respondent      
Never been to school 27.7 212 24.6 271 30.7
Primary 30.3 251 29.1 277 31.4
Secondary 35.6 327 37.9 294 33.3
Tertiary 5.9 69 8.0 34 3.9
No information on education 0.6 3 0.3 7 0.8
Main source of livelihood of households      
Salaried worker 11.0 139 16.1 52 5.9
Cash crop production 17.0 177 20.5 119 13.5
Casual labor 5.0 41 4.8 46 5.2
Begging 0.5 5 .6 8 .9
Livestock 0.5 7 .8 3 .3
Skilled trade 12.0 117 13.6 84 9.5
Petty trade 23.0 116 13.5 283 32.0
Remittance 10.0 66 7.7 112 12.7
Food assistance 0.5 6 .7 11 1.2
Dependency rate      
50% or less 73.8 330 60.6 315 56.5
Greater than 50% 26.2 215 39.4 243 43.5
Asset wealth      
Poor 1022 462 53.6 560 63.4
Medium 696 386 44.8 310 35.1
Rich 27 14 1.6 13 1.5
Regional distribution of asset poor households      
National 67.2     
Ashanti region 60.2     
Brong Ahafo region 66.7     
Central region 37.2     
Eastern region 84.2     
Greater Accra region 53.3     
Northern region 80.9     
Upper East region 72.5     
Upper West region 54.1     
Volta region 90.4     
Western region 71.6     
Chronic energy deficiency (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) by region      
National 16.3     
Ashanti region 18.4     
Brong Ahafo region 7.6     
Central region 27.5     
Eastern region 20.5     
Greater Accra region 21.4     
Northern region 20.4     
Upper East region 8.3     
Upper West region 7.4     
Volta region 16.9     
Western region 10.9