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Table 3 Risk factors for IFG/T2D in study participants aged 25 years and older in Yaoundé, Cameroon, 2007

From: Risk factors of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a cross sectional study

Factors Univariate logistic regression Multivariate logistic regression
  OR 95% CI P p for trend OR 95% CI p p for trend
Gender         
Female 1     1    
Male 1.19 0.82-1.74 0.352 0.352 1.23 0.73-2.07 0.443 0.332
Age Group         
25-34 1     1    
35-44 2.91 1.59-5.31 0.000   2.65 1.27-5.53 0.009  
45-54 4.31 2.53-7.32 0.000   3.04 1.50-6.14 0.002  
55-64 8.48 4.67-15.37 0.000   5.69 2.52-12.83 0.000  
65+ 3.18 1.28-7.90 0.013 <0.001 1.88 0.60-5.86 0.275 <0.001
Marital status         
Married 1        
Single 0.32 0.19-0.54 0.000      
Others 0.97 0.50-1.88 0.937 0.119     
Weight status         
Normal 1     1    
Overweight 1.52 0.90-2.55 0.117   0.92 0.47-1.80 0.810  
Obese 2.24 1.33-3.78 0.002 0.002 1.14 0.56-2.34 0.704 0.503
Waist-hip ratio         
<1.0 (men) or <0.85 (women) 1     1    
>1.0 (men) or >0.85 (women) 2.91 1.99-4.25 0.000 <0.001 2.21 1.22-4.01 0.009 0.008
Waist circumference in cm         
≤94 (men) or ≤80 (women) 1     1    
94 > & < 102 (men) or 80 > & < 88 (women) 1.07 0.59-1.96 0.821   0.71 0.33-1.53   
≥102 (men) or ≥88 (women) 2.23 1.45-3.46 0.000 <0.001 1.08 0.48-2.47 0.850 0.798
Prevalence of hypertension         
No 1     1    
Yes 2.11 1.42-3.13 0.000 <0.001 1.58 0.92-2.72 0.100 0.145
Smoking         
Never 1        
Former 0.95 0.57-1.60 0.857      
Current 1.11 0.56-2.19 0.771 0.888     
Alcohol consumption         
Never drank 1        
Former 1.12 0.57-2.21 0.743      
Current 1.08 0.65-1.81 0.758 0.820     
General physical activity         
None 1        
Low intensity 1.53 0.96-2.42 0.073      
Moderate activity 0.77 0.26-2.29 0.637      
Vigorous activity 2.03 0.88-4.69 0.098 0.111