Skip to main content

Table 3 Baseline and post-intervention hypertension knowledge score, adherence to antihypertensive medications and lifestyle variables in hypertensive patients by mode of health education on hypertension (Group 1, reading n=116; Group 2, regular lecture n=114; Group 3, interactive workshop, n=117)

From: Community-based interventions in hypertensive patients: a comparison of three health education strategies

  Group Baseline Post-intervention P a P b P c
Hypertension knowledge score      <0.001 <0.001
  1 3.6±1.1 5.8±1.4 <0.001   
  2 2.7±1.9 6.6±1.5 <0.001   
  3 3.4±2.2 8.6±1.4 <0.001   
Regular use of medications      0.434 0.001
  1 46 (39.7) 59 (50.9) <0.001   
  2 36 (31.6) 91 (79.8) <0.001   
  3 43 (36.8) 108 (92.3) <0.001   
Appropriate salt intake      0.235 0.075
  1 89 (76.7) 99 (85.3) 0.002   
  2 78 (68.4) 94 (82.5) <0.001   
  3 79 (67.5) 108 (92.3) <0.001   
Regular physical activity      0.276 <0001
  1 28 (24.1) 52 (44.8) <0.001   
  2 25 (21.9) 76 (66.7) <0.001   
  3 36 (30.8) 97 (82.9) <0.001   
Current smokers      0.861 0.959
  1 22 (19.0) 17 (14.7) 0.063   
  2 20 (17.5) 16 (14.0) 0.125   
  3 19 (16.2) 18 (15.4) 1.000   
Smoked cigarettes/day      0.921 0.820
  1 3.1±7.2 2.2±5.7 0.015   
  2 3.2±8.1 2.5±7.6 0.008   
  3 3.5±8.5 2.7±7.0 0.014   
Current alcohol drinkers      0.296 0.365
  1 11 (9.5) 10 (8.6) 1.000   
  2 5 (4.4) 5 (4.4) 1.000   
  3 10 (8.5) 10 (8.5) 1.000   
Alcohol consumption      0.193 0.226
  1 26.7±106.8 26.7±106.8 1.000   
  2 8.8±53.7 8.1±53.1 0.319   
  3 38.0±175.8 19.7±78.5 0.063   
  1. Data presented are mean± SD or n (%).
  2. aP values in paired t-test (for continuous variables) or paired Chi-square test (for dichotomous variables) for differences between the baseline and post-intervention.
  3. bP values in ANOVA (for continuous variables) or Chi-square (for dichotomous variables) test for differences among the three groups at the baseline survey.
  4. cP value in ANOVA (for continuous variables) or Chi-square (for dichotomous variables) test for differences among the three groups after the intervention.