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Table 3 Multiple binary logistic regression of probability of being happy (n = 11,637) 1

From: Don't worry, be happy: cross-sectional associations between physical activity and happiness in 15 European countries

  Unadjusted OR Adjusted OR
Physical activity volume (reference: inactive)2
Insufficient physical activity 1.34***(1.12-1.60) 1.20*(1.03-1.39)
Sufficient physical activity 1.68***(1.40-2.02) 1.29**(1.11-1.49)
Very active 2.21***(1.89-2.58) 1.52***(1.28-1.80)
Intensity specific physical activity (unit: hours)3
Vigorous-intensity 1.07***(1.05-1.09) 1.03*(1.01-1.05)
Moderate-intensity 1.04***(1.03-1.06) 1.01(0.99-1.03)
Walking 1.03***(1.02-1.05) 1.02*(1.00-1.03)
Physical activity domain 4
Vocation physical activity level (reference: little/none)5
Some 1.38***(1.18-1.61) 1.39**(1.15-1.67)
A lot 1.37***(1.18-1.60) 1.33**(1.08-1.64)
Transport physical activity level (reference: little/none)
Some 1.15***(1.05-1.27) 1.03(0.91-1.16)
A lot 1.49***(1.29-1.72) 1.07(0.89-1.29)
Domestic physical activity level (reference: little/none)
Some 1.34***(1.21-1.48) 1.36***(1.20-1.53)
A lot 1.52***(1.34-1.72) 1.42***(1.20-1.68)
Leisure physical activity level (reference: little/none)
Some 1.65***(1.50-1.81) 1.14(0.95-1.36)
A lot 2.24***(1.94-2.59) 1.15*(1.02-1.30)
  1. 1All participants who had no physical activity data or were “severely restricted to physical activities” were excluded.
  2. 2Adjusted for sex, age, country, general health, relationship status, employment status, age finished full-time education.
  3. 3Adjusted for sex, age, country, general health, relationship status, employment status, age finished full-time education, other categories of physical activity intensity.
  4. 4Adjusted in separate models for sex, age, country, general health, relationship status, employment status, age finished full-time education, physical activity volume.
  5. 5Only participants reporting current employment were included in the vocational analysis (n = 5,816).
  6. Statistical significance: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.