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Table 3 Predictors of a positive intention to participate in a lifestyle intervention program

From: Willingness to participate in prevention programs for cardiometabolic diseases

  Univariable Multivariable
  OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Age 19-38 1.0    1.0   
  39-55 1.3 0.8-1.9 .25 2.2 1.1-4.1 .02
  56-65 2.2 1.4-3.3 <.001 3.2 1.8-5.9 <.001
  >65 1.2 0.8-1.8 .42 1.6 0.9-2.9 .10
Gender Female 1.2 0.9-1.7 .17    
Education level Low 1.0      
  Middle 1.6 0.9-2.7 .11    
  High 1.6 0.9-2.9 .12    
Marital status Widow(er) 1.0      
  Divorced 2.4 1.0-6.0 .06    
  Never married 1.2 0.6-2.5 .65    
  Married / partnership 1.2 0.8-1.8 .37    
Smoking Currently smoking 0.6 0.4-0.9 .01    
Physical activity: ≥ 30 min/day ≥5 days a week 1.0      
  <5 days a week 0.9 0.7-1.2 .41    
Alcohol cons.a: ≥ 6 glasses/day ≤1 time a week 1.0      
  >1 time a week 0.6 0.3-1.2 .14    
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) <25.0 1.0      
  25.0 - 30.0 0.9 0.6-1.2 .33    
  ≥30.0 0.9 0.6-1.4 .62    
Fam. hist. of type II DM / CVDb Yes 1.1 0.8-1.5 .48    
Importance of topics for decision to participate lifestyle intervention program c       
Practical factors        
Maximal program duration No participation anyway 1.0    1.0   
  3 months 3.4 2.0-5.8 <.001 2.5 1.2-5.0 .01
  6 - 12 months 10.7 6.5-17.6 <.001 9.0 4.6-17.5 <.001
  As long as necessary 4.8 2.8-8.2 <.001 3.2 1.6-6.3 .001
Health insurance pays the program 0.8 0.6-1.1 .18    
Course is conducted by internet 0.9 0.7-1.2 .48    
Information and instructions are provided on paper 2.3 1.7-3.2 <.001    
Program is given in the neighborhood 1.8 1.2-2.6 .01    
I can perform the program wherever I want 1.2 0.9-1.6 .27    
Personal beliefs       
Programs goal is oriented towards preventing relapse 4.6 2.8-7.4 <.001 3.3 1.5-6.9 .002
Participation helps me to avoid taking medication 3.0 2.0-4.4 <.001    
Program is focused on setting goals 3.0 2.1-4.3 <.001    
Program is focused on having fun 1.4 1.0-1.9 .03    
Social factors       
My general practitioner is informed about my results 3.0 2.1-4.2 <.001 2.6 1.6-4.4 <.001
Program is given to a group 2.3 1.6-3.4 <.001 2.0 1.1-3.5 .02
My partner is allowed to participate as well 2.0 1.5-2.7 <.001    
Program is given to me individually by the care provider 1.2 0.9-1.6 .26    
  1. aAlcohol consumption.
  2. bFamilial history of type II diabetes mellitus and/or cardiovascular diseases.
  3. cReference category: not important.