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Table 4 Longitudinal first-differences multilevel models for the association between adolescent fertility and explanatory variables

From: Income inequality is associated with adolescent fertility in Brazil: a longitudinal multilevel analysis of 5,565 municipalities

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  B 95% CI B 95% CI B 95% CI
Intercept -1.84 -1.97; 1.70 0.2* 0.02; 0.39 0.20 -0.02; 0.43
Gini Coefficient 4.42* 2.79; 6.05 4.08* 2.82; 5.33 4.08* 2.77; 5.38
Per capita income (R$)    0.00 - 0.00 -
Adult fertilitya    0.96 0.92; 1.01 0.96* 0.92; 1.01
Mothers with 12 years or more of formal education (%)    -0.02* -0.03; -0.01 -0.02* -0.03; -0.01
Youth homocide rateb    0.00   0.00 -
State-level inequality      -0.02 -4.68; 4.63
IGLS Deviance 28515.68   25351.48   25351.48  
  1. aRatio between the number of live births from women aged 20 to 49 and the number of women aged 20 to 49.
  2. bHomicide rate (per 10,000) of 10 to 19 years old residents.
  3. *p < 0.05.
  4. Brazilian municipalities, 2000 + 2010.