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Table 4 The checklist of good practice characteristics for healthy diet and physical activity interventions and policies

From: Good practice characteristics of diet and physical activity interventions and policies: an umbrella review

No. Best practice characteristic
  Main intervention/policy characteristics
1a Target audience well defined
2a Target group needs identified
3a Family involvement*
4b Target behavior well defined and adjusted to target population
5c Multidimensionality of the approach (individual, social, environmental)
6c Physical environment accounted for
7d Theory applied in the development of the intervention/policy
8e Individual contacts and their intensity specified
9e Duration (number of sessions, their length, and frequency)
10e Forms of delivery
11e Number of components (distinguishable elements/strategies used to prompt healthy diet/physical activity)
12e The use of any theory-based behavior change techniques
13e Clarity achieved
14e Tailoring content and materials
15e Manuals/exact protocols exist
16e The use of specific behavior change techniques: self-monitoring and self-management
17f Practitioners well defined
18f Setting characteristics well defined
  Monitoring and evaluation
19 g Costs in relation to obtained general health benefits
20 g Costs related to behavior change
21 g Total financial costs of the interventions/policy
22 h Outcomes measured with valid, reliable, and sensitive tools
23 h Effects specified as clinically significant
24 h Effects on public health-relevant secondary outcomes
25 h Negative consequences (or risks) evaluated
26 h Measured outcomes include physiological risk factor indices
27i Efficiency established and reported
28i Sustainable effects
29i Effect sizes
30j Reach
31j Inclusiveness: health, age, and gender context
32j Cultural competence and social inclusion of the intervention/policy
33 k Generalizability of effects evaluated
34 k Participation rates reported
35 l Active components identified
36 l Ongoing monitoring and measurement of delivery; monitoring of materials
37 m Completion and attrition rates across stages
38 m Resources/strategies for staff helping them to invite and follow participants up
39 m Strategies promoting long-term participation (maintenance) included
40n Staff training in implementation and facilitation of inter-sectorial collaboration
41o Resources for implementation specified
42o Implementation integrated into existing programs
43o Ongoing support from stakeholders secured
44p Adoption by target staff, settings, or institutions
45p Feasible/acceptable for providers, stakeholders, and participants
46q Maintenance (the policy/intervention is maintained over time with institutional support)
47q Mutability (the intervention/policy is in the realm of community/target group)
48r Partnership between agencies/organizations to facilitate adoption/implementation
49r Identification of those responsible for implementation; training and feedback for implementers
50s Implementation consistency and adaptations made during delivery assessed
51 t Adherence to protocol/protocol fidelity monitored**
32u Transferability
53u Contexts of transfer and transfer boundaries
  1. Note: ‘a’ to ‘u’ represent 20 categories of best practice characteristics; * - characteristics identified mainly in documents referring to interventions/policies for children and adolescents; ** - characteristics identified mainly in documents referring to interventions.