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Table 4 Demographic associations with stigma, disclosure, and ARV treatment outcome variables.

From: Religion and HIV in Tanzania: influence of religious beliefs on HIV stigma, disclosure, and treatment attitudes

  Expresses Shame-Related HIV Stigma Willing to Disclose Would Start ARVs
  Adjusted OR P-value Adjusted OR P-value Adjusted OR P-value
Urban 1.18
(0.99–1.62)
0.153 0.88
(0.64–1.21)
0.437 0.83
(0.48–1.39)
0.486
Male 1.05
(0.84–1.31)
0.676 0.98
(0.71–1.33)
0.874 0.96
(0.57–1.63)
0.890
Age <32 years 0.96
(0.78–1.19)
0.734 0.72
(0.53–0.98)
0.036* 0.61
(0.35–1.01)
0.062
Some secondary school 0.81
(0.64–1.01)
0.063 0.92
(0.68–1.24)
0.584 1.8
(1.07–3.29)
0.036*
Married or cohabiting 0.91
(0.72–1.16)
0.472 1.17
(0.83–1.63)
0.336 1.11
(0.64–1.89)
0.714
Attends church >1 per week 1.07
(0.86–1.33)
0.554 1.13
(0.83–1.52)
0.428 0.79
(0.45–1.3)
0.378
Catholic (vs. Pentecostal) 0.86
(0.64–1.15)
0.314 0.85
(0.56–1.31)
0.463 1.9
(0.86–5.18)
0.148
Lutheran (vs. Pentecostal) 0.78
(0.58–1.04)
0.093 0.56
(0.36–0.86)
0.009** 1.28
(0.6–2.88)
0.527
  1. OR adjusted for the eight factors shown in the first column. Significance levels of p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001 denoted by *, **, and ***, respectively. The 95% confidence intervals are shown in parentheses.