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Table 5 Sample and population weighted results of the multivariate logistic regression models for the relationship between stunting, overweight/obesity and selected sociodemographic variables in a sample of 1942 Palestinian adolescents in Ramallah and Hebron governorates

From: Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of stunting, underweight, and overweight among Palestinian school adolescents (13-15 years) in two major governorates in the West Bank

  Boys     Girls    
  Stunting Overweight/obesitya Stunting Overweight/obesitya
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Region
   Hebron 1   1   1   1  
   Ramallah 1.37 0.75-2.51 1.57 0.93-2.65 1.26 0.76-2.09 1.38 0.87-2.18
Residence
   Rural 1   1   1    
   Urban 0.96 0.51-1.81 1.27 0.68-2.38 0.45 0.23-0.89*   
Age in years
   13 1   1   1   1  
   14 1.45 0.83-2.51 0.93 0.57-1.54 0.94 0.55-1.60 0.75 0.46-1.23
   15 2.15 1.16-3.98* 1.58 0.91-2.74 0.37 0.13-1.06 0.61 0.33-1.10
Father's education
   Low 1        
   Medium 1.18 0.51-2.72       
   High 0.23 0.07-0.74*       
Mother's education
   Low 1        
   Medium/high 1.91 0.89-4.09       
Family size
   1-6 persons 0.57 0.23-1.40 1.78 0.97-3.28    1.42 0.82-2.47
   7-8 persons 1.06 0.56-2.04 1.77 0.96-3.24    1.24 0.80-1.93
   > 8 persons 1   1     1  
Household STL b
   Low 1   1   1    
   Medium 0.82 0.37-1.79 1.10 0.64-1.88 0.45 0.25-0.82*   
   High 0.94 0.35-2.53 2.08 1.19-3.63* 0.43 0.13-1.39   
Present household economic situation index c
   Worse off 1   1      
   Medium 0.85 0.45-1.62 0.64 0.34-1.22     
   Better off 0.28 0.08-1.02 0.97 0.53-1.77     
Food availability d
   Not available 1        
   Available 0.88 0.56-1.38       
Onset of puberty
   No 1   1   1   1  
   Yes 0.50 0.25-1.02 1.53 0.74-3.19 0.26 0.13-0.49*** 4.80 2.29-10.04***
  1. OR: Odds ratios, 95%CI: 95% confidence intervals
  2. *P < 0.05 **P < 0.01 ***P < 0.001
  3. aOverweight/obesity were defined using the 2000 CDC reference.
  4. bHousehold standard of living index (STL) was based on the possession of 16 household amenities; each item given a value of 1.
  5. cPresent household economic situation index was formed based on 4 questions: - "Do you have enough money to cover family needs now?" "At the present time, do you have any debts?" At the present time, to what extent do you have to postpone paying bills?" and "During the past school year, did you have to borrow money to cover family needs?"
  6. dFood availability was based on the question: is there enough food for all family members on daily basis now?