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Table 2 Number of women who correctly answered questions on nutrition and health knowledge (Test performed at the last postpartum visit)

From: The effect of health and nutrition education intervention on women's postpartum beliefs and practices: a randomized controlled trial

  Urban Rural Total
  Intervewntion Control Intervention Control Intervention Control
  (n73) (n = 69) (n = 81) (n = 79) (n = 154) (n = 148)
  n % n % n % n % n % n %
Milk is the best source of calcium 65 89.04 25 36.23** 45 55.56 29 36.71* 110 71.43 54 36.49**
Chicken is more nutritious than chicken soup 63 86.3 26 37.68** 55 67.9 30 37.97** 118 76.62 56 37.84**
Women can eat vegetables and fruit during puerperium 69 94.52 46 66.67** 70 86.42 51 64.56** 139 90.26 97 65.54**
Which food contains abundant vitamin C and carotene 67 91.78 31 44.93** 72 88.89 51 64.56** 139 90.26 82 55.41**
Food sources of high quality protein 26 35.62 6 8.70** 12 14.81 11 13.92 38 24.68 17 11.49**
Which food is iron-rich 63 86.3 40 57.97** 59 72.84 39 49.37** 121 78.57 79 53.38**
Kelp contains affluent iodine 69 94.52 54 78.26* 76 93.83 57 72.15** 145 94.16 111 75.00**
Colostrums should feed the infant 71 97.26 49 71.01** 77 95.06 53 67.09** 148 96.1 102 68.92**
Breast milk is the best food for infants 69 94.52 61 88.41 73 90.12 63 79.75* 142 92.21 124 83.78**
Bedroom should be ventilated everyday 68 93.15 51 73.91** 75 92.59 59 74.68** 143 92.86 110 74.32**
Relevant activity is better for recovery 69 94.52 54 78.26** 77 95.06 64 81.01** 146 94.81 118 79.73**
Sexual activity should not be initiated until 6 weeks after giving birth 68 93.15 44 63.77** 72 88.89 48 60.76** 140 90.91 92 62.16**
Vitamin D can be gained by basking in the sunshine 60 82.19 28 40.58** 66 81.48 41 51.90** 126 81.82 69 46.62**
Breastfeeding will not induce obesity of mother 67 91.78 50 72.46* 73 90.12 54 68.35** 140 90.91 104 70.27**
Women can brush teeth and take shower during puerperium 69 94.52 47 68.12** 73 90.12 55 69.62** 142 92.21 102 68.92**
  1. ** Indicates P-value of < 0.01 from x 2-test between intervention and control groups.
  2. * Indicates P-value of < 0.05 from x 2-test between intervention and control groups.