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Table 3 Hazard rates during the first 16 years after diabetes diagnosis as compared with the Danish Population

From: 16-year excess all-cause mortality of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients: a cohort study

Age at Time of Death (years) Diabetic Patients Danish population Relative risk (2001-05) ‡ Relative risk (1991-95) λ
  No. of Deaths Hazard Rate* (95% Confidence Interval) Hazard rate (2001-05)† Hazard rate (1991-95)φ   
Males        
40-44 3 40.0 (12.9-124.0) 2.3 3.0 17.7 14.4
45-49 3 9.0 (2.9-28.0) 3.8 4.3 2.4 2.1
50-54 11 15.6 (8.7-28.2) 6.0 6.7 2.6 2.3
55-59 23 22.7 (15.1-34.1) 9.0 11.5 2.5 2.0
60-64 45 39.4 (29.4-52.8) 14.2 19.2 2.8 2.1
65-69 64 54.8 (42.9-70.1) 23.3 30.6 2.4 1.8
70-74 77 69.2 (55.3-86.5) 38.2 48.6 1.8 1.4
75-79 85 95.0 (76.8-117.5) 62.6 74.3 1.5 1.3
80-85 92 184.1 (150.1-225.8) 101.5 113.1 1.8 1.6
85+§ 52 265.9 (202.7-349.0)     
Total 455 63.7 (58.1-69.9)     
Females        
40-44 0 0.0 (0.0-0.4) 1.3 1.8 0.0 0.0
45-49 0 0.0 (0.0-0.1) 2.4 2.9 0.0 0.0
50-54 4 9.3 (3.5-24.9) 3.8 4.7 2.5 2.0
55-59 10 14.5 (7.8-27.0) 5.8 7.6 2.5 1.9
60-64 13 15.3 (8.9-26.3) 9.2 12.3 1.7 1.3
65-69 22 21.9 (14.4-33.2) 15.4 18.5 1.4 1.2
70-74 41 36.9 (27.2-50.1) 25.8 28.4 1.4 1.3
75-79 68 60.0 (47.3-76.1) 40.6 44.3 1.5 1.4
80-85 86 95.7 (77.5-118.2) 67.2 74.9 1.4 1.3
85+§ 75 171.6 (136.9-215.2)     
Total 319 46.7 (41.8-52.1)     
  1. *Hazard rates (×1000) estimated as number of deaths divided by person years of observation.
  2. †Hazard rates (×1000) estimated as average mortality rates from the life table 2001-2005 of the Danish population.
  3. φ Hazard rates (×1000) estimated as average mortality rates from the life table 1991-1995 of the Danish population
  4. ‡This is calculated by dividing the hazard rate of diabetic patients by the hazard rate of the Danish population (2001-2005).
  5. λ This is calculated by dividing the hazard rate of diabetic patients by the hazard rate of the Danish population (1991-1995).
  6. §Among subjects aged 85 years or over, the age distribution for diabetic patients is very different from that of the background population. Therefore, a comparable hazard rate for the background population cannot be calculated