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Table 7 Mobility – the within-group differences between post – and pre-intervention values

From: Combined effects of functionally-oriented exercise regimens and nutritional supplementation on both the institutionalised and free-living frail elderly (double-blind, randomised clinical trial)

  Group I (n = 19)
PRE+FOE+ nutritional supplement
Group II (n = 21)
PRE+FOE +placebo
Group III (n = 19)
SE+FOE + nutritional supplement
Group IV (n = 21)
SE+FOE+placebo
  mean ± SD p value mean ± SD p value mean ± SD p value mean ± SD p value
Tinetti Total score 0.36 ± 2.6 0.54 -1.15 ± 3.4 0.15 0.26 ± 2.2 0.61 1.61 ± 2.8 0.01
Tinetti Balance score 0.26 ± 1.6 0.50 -0.85 ± 2.3 0.12 0.0 ± 2.2 1.0 1.42 ± 1.9 0.003
Tinetti Gait score 0.05 ± 1.2 0.85 -0.35 ± 1.6 0.34 0.1 ± 1.0 0.66 0.19 ± 2.4 0.72
6 MW Test 20.7 ± 58.8 0.14 2.35 ± 55.2 0.85 36.4 ± 55.1 0.009 35.7 ± 58.9 0.01
Use walking aids 21%   20%   5%   5%  
  1. p value for test of interaction effect between the PRE and SE regimens. Bold font highlights all statistically significant results.