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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Low bone mineral density is related to atherosclerosis in postmenopausal Moroccan women

Number 72
Mean (SD)
Age (years) 59.2 ± 8.3
Years since menopause (years) 12.0 ± 8.2
Number of pregnancies 5.2 ± 3.4
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.7 ± 4.5
Physical activity score (min/week) 3448 ± 1053
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 137 ± 17
Serum level  
   Triglyceride (g/l) 1.3 ± 0.7
   Total Cholesterol (g/l) 2.1 ± 0.3
   high-density lipoprotein (g/l) 0.5 ± 0.1
   low-density lipoprotein (g/l) 1.2 ± 0.3
CA IMT (mm) 0.8 ± 0.4
FA IMT (mm) 0.8 ± 0.3
Lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2) 0.917 ± 0.172
Trochanter BMD (g/cm2) 0.669 ± 0.121
Femoral neck BMD (g/cm2) 0.823 ± 0.109
Ward triangle BMD (g/cm2) 0.645 ± 0.140
Femoral total BMD (g/cm2) 0.860 ± 0.111
  Number (Percentage)
Current smoking 2 (2.8)
Osteoporosis 40 (55.6)
History of personal peripheral osteoporotic fractures 13 (18.1)
Number of individuals with plaque 61 (84.7)
   Femoral Plaque 26 (36.1)
   Carotid Plaque 43 (59.7)
Plaques echogenicity  
   No plaque 11 (15.3)
   Type I echolucent 23 (31.9)
   Type II predominantly echolucent 12 (16.7)
   Type III predominantly echogenic 7 (9.7)
   Type IV echogenic 19 (26.4)
  1. CA: carotid artery, IMT: intima-media thickness, FA: Femoral artery